Villen des Historismus in Basel: Ein Jahrhundert by BRÖNNIMANN

By BRÖNNIMANN

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Extra info for Villen des Historismus in Basel: Ein Jahrhundert grossbürgerliche Wohnkultur

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Bereits abgebrochene Tudorvilla hat der von Edward Blore (1787-1879) errichtete Erweiterungsbau des Sommersitzes Shadwell Park in Norfolk gedient. Ebenfalls von England inspiriert sind die Villen St. Alban-Anlage 27 (1890) von Vischer und Fueter und Rennweg 53 (1902) von P. Köchlin-Reber. Das malerischste Beispiel eines neogotischen Schlössleins in Basel dürfte die 1874 von Gustav Kelterborn am Anfang der Hardstrasse erbaute Villa sein. Unter den zahlreichen in den Neunzigerjahren entstandenen Mehrfamilienhäusern gibt es einige mit neogotisch dekorierten Fassaden.

Dem Bachofenschlösslein nahe verwandt in seiner architektonischen Haltung ist das vom von-Gaertner-Schüler Amadeus Merian 1842 erbaute Pfarrhelferhaus St. Leonhard. J. 1853 anstelle des spätgotischen Kaufhauses errichtete Hauptpost an der Freien Strasse. Bemerkenswert ist die Wiederverwendung besonders wertvoller Bauteile des abgebrochenen Kaufhauses am Neubau. Der Erweiterungsbau gegen die Rüdengasse mit der vielleicht vom Rathaus beeinflussten Fassade und der lichten, überwölbten Schalterhalle ist ein Werk des Wiener Dombaumeisters Friedrich von Schmidt und entstand erst 1880.

Hnlich wie bei der Neogotik machte auch bei der Neorenaissance ein Klassizist den Anfang. Dies ist verständlich, wenn man bedenkt, dass sowohl die Renaissance als auch der Klassizismus auf antike Vorbilder zurückgreifen und daher die Verwendung der Neorenaissance für einen Klassizisten naheliegend war. Nachdem Melchior Berri von seiner Italienreise, die dem Studium der pompejanischen Architektur gewidmet war, nach Basel zurückgekehrt war, baute er 1829 die Ehinger'sche Villa in Münchenstein. Diese besitzt einen würfelförmigen Baukörper mit einer gartenseitigen Loggia im Palladio-Stil.

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