By Joachim Latacz
During this e-book Joachim Latacz turns the highlight of recent study at the much-debated query of even if the rich urban of Troy defined by way of Homer within the Iliad was once a poetic fiction or a reminiscence of ancient reality.
Earlier excavations on the hill of Hisarlik, in Turkey, at the Dardanelles, introduced no solution, yet in 1988 a brand new archaeological firm, below the path of Manfred Korfmann, ended in an intensive shift in knowing. Latacz, considered one of Korfmann's closest collaborators, strains the process those excavations, and the renewed research of the imperial Hittite records they've got encouraged. As he demonstrates, it's now transparent that the historical past opposed to which the plot of the Iliad is acted out is the old truth of the 13th century BC. The Troy tale as a complete should have arisen during this interval, and we will be able to notice strains of it in Homer's nice poem.
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Extra resources for Troy and Homer: Towards a Solution of an Old Mystery
Here even today the north-east bastion (in the Korfmann and Mannsperger ofﬁcial Guide to Troy, Bastion No. 3) is impressive. With foundations measuring 18 metres by 18 metres, this imposing tower still rises to a height of 7 metres, and was originally 2 metres higher. These measurements alone show that the bastion was particularly important. It had multiple functions: as could now, in 1995, be seen, at this exposed point, it protected not only the citadel (and a 10-metredeep water reservoir within it) but also the town.
Our knowledge of the lower town is being extended year by year and yielding growing quantities of information. We now know, for example, something of the commercial activity in the Troy VI lower town. 52 Besides these, there are immense quantities of horse bones from the later phase of Troy VI. Previously little notice was taken of these bones. The Korfmann excavation, involving a range of different disciplines, such as zoological archaeology, the study of fauna remains, has endeavoured to examine all types of ﬁnds, to analyse them separately and turn the results to account in building up a complete picture of the life of the period.
8 in the Guide to Troy)—this is a highly informative discovery. It means that for the rulers of the Troy VI period the direct connection between the fortress and the coast was of primary importance. In 1997 Korfmann went on to say, ‘From this gate a road led south-west onto the Skamander Plain. The fortress hill and the plateau of the lower town slope gently away here, affording the easiest route down to the plain . . ’ Why dangerous? At the very start of our journey into the history of the exploration of the lower town, we pointed out that the existence of such a town had to be assumed as it would have had an additional defensive function for the citadel.