By Allen G. Noble
На основе непрерывного профессионального и личного интереса автором создан данный обзор структурных форм и культурных функций традиционных жилищ. В своём роде эта книгапредставляет собой уникальный обзор народной архитектуры во всем мире.Читатель приглашается на увлекательную экскурсию по традиционной здания во всем мире, которая включает в себя пещерные дома в центральном Китае, свайные дома на побережье Дагомеи, housebarns Европы и Северной Америки, иранские башни ветров и многое другое.
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Additional resources for Traditional Buildings: A Global Survey of Structural Forms and Cultural Functions
Two and a half stories high, the building has prominent gable balconies and an immense tent-like, hipped roof hood, reaching almost to the ground (Atkinson 1969, 50–2). Two, much older, housebarn forms from other parts of Europe also can be mentioned as additional variations. In western Ireland the early housebarns had a roughly oval floor plan and were constructed of turf and stone. These quite basic structures, with no division between the parts housing animals and those housing humans (Aalen 1966, 49), represent a stage in the evolution of larger and more sophisticated housebarns.
Although attached, the small house part is separately framed and quite distinct from the large, attached, square-plan barn (from Lasius 1885, 5). features to a totally unrelated housebarn from northwestern Ireland (Figure 2-9). Such similarity strengthens the idea of the influence of function upon form. In the Irish barn the byre is separated by a stone partition from the dwelling part of the structure, but a bedroom occupies a higher level over the byre. In both the Irish and Berber housebarns the sleeping areas benefit in winter from the upward moving heat of the animals.
Fm Page 33 Wednesday, December 13, 2006 12:49 PM Function and Form 33 Because heat rises, an upper floor benefits in winter without the necessity to provide an additional heat source. Also, extra roofing is not required. Upper stories have greater security than horizontal wings. Finally, there is no loss of agricultural land or no necessity to clear additional forest. One Appalachian solution to the problem of adding needed living space to an existing small cabin was the dogtrot, sometimes called the dogrun, possum trot, two pens-and-a-passage, double house, or erroneously the double pen (Latham 1977, 8).