Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Comprehensive Guide by E. Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán, Sam Oussedik

By E. Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán, Sam Oussedik

This publication bargains a finished consultant to overall knee arthroplasty (TKA) that might help in attaining first-class results in accordance with a legitimate realizing and approach. After an introductory part at the local knee that covers the anatomy, body structure, biomechanics, and styles of disorder, all features of basic knee arthroplasty are mentioned intimately. person chapters are dedicated to subject matters similar to acute discomfort administration, the function of technological aids, prosthetic kinematics, alignment ambitions, unicompartmental arthroplasty, patellar resurfacing, consequence measures, and cost-effectiveness. an intensive part explains the motives and administration of capability problems, together with aseptic failure, infections, and periprosthetic fracture. The surgical strategies acceptable for revision knee arthroplasty are defined individually, and instructions on find out how to care for bone loss, instability, and extensor mechanism failure are supplied. The authors are all revered specialists from the uk, usa, Australia and Europe.

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Kennedy JC, Weinberg HW, Wilson AS (1974) The anatomy and function of the anterior cruciate ligament as determined by clinical and morphological studies. J Bone Joint Surg Am 56:223–235 35. Last RJ (1948) Some anatomical details of the knee joint. J Bone Joint Surg Br 30:683–688 36. Welsh PR (1980) Knee joint structure and function. Clin Orthop Relat Res 147:7–14 37. Girgis FG, Marshall JL, Al Monajem ARS (1975) The cruciate ligaments of the knee joint. Clin Orthop Relat Res 106:216–231 38. Amis AA, Dawkins GPC (1991) Functional anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament.

Knee OA ranged from 16 to 95 %. Prevalence rates of general, lower limb, or hip/ knee OA ranged from 1 to 59 %. The study showed that prevalence of OA, especially in their lower limbs, seems to be high among former elite 2 The Arthritic Knee: Etiology and Patterns of Disease a 31 b Fig. 2 Anteroposterior (a) and lateral (b) radiographs of a 47-year-old man showing post-traumatic knee osteoarthritis due to an old supracondylar femoral fracture healed in varus athletes from team and individual sports compared to the general population and other occupational sectors [13].

Thickness were determined in total cartilage plates and defined subregions using proprietary software. 0 in valgus knees (n = 43). The relative contribution of cartilage thickness change tended to be greater in knees with mild cartilage loss, whereas the increase of denuded area was greater in knees with accelerated cartilage loss. In both varus and neutral knees, the greatest changes were observed in the same subregions of the medial femorotibial compartment (central and external medial tibia and central medial femur).

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