Theories of Personality, Ninth Edition by Richard M. Ryckman

By Richard M. Ryckman

Completely up-to-date to incorporate the newest examine references, Richard Ryckman's "theory via thought" method of character rigorously publications scholars via significant theories in a manner that is helping them strengthen a finished knowing of character. Ryckman's own writing kind provides the foremost theories in an easy means assisting readers extra simply distinguish among them. first and foremost of the textual content, Ryckman offers a framework that defines character, and emphasizes the technological know-how of character (including the interrelation among learn and theory). Then, he introduces every one significant theoretical place with an goal evaluation of the theorist's simple innovations and rules. Ryckman concludes by way of noting the ways that the various theories stimulate extra examine efforts, and by means of providing 5 present study traits that experience resulted from the paintings of those previous theorists. the result's a textual content that merges the simplest of vintage and modern study within the box leaving scholars with a high-quality operating wisdom of character.

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Adapting Steele’s theoretical approach, Creswell, Welch, Taylor, Sherman, Gruenewald, and Mann (2005, pp. 846–851) posited that self-affirmation also can buffer individuals against the adverse effects of stress. Stress is implicated in the development and progression of a variety of psychological disorders (such as depression and anxiety), as well as medical disorders (such as coronary heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes). , “I am a benevolent person, which means that I care about the welfare of my friends and parents”), this self-affirmation process should enhance their self-resources by making them feel more morally adequate—that is, competent, good, and in control of themselves.

Their disbelief, resistance, and even hostility may lead to a concerted effort to demonstrate its falsehood, thereby generating new conceptualizations and explanations of the same phenomena. Applied value Finally, a good theory has applied value; that is, it leads to new approaches to the solution of people’s problems (Kelly, 1955, p. 24). This criterion is not universally endorsed by scientists, especially by those who work in experimental psychology. Yet it seems particularly germane to the area of personality.

Since no theory can cover all the phenomena related to human personality, decisions must be made concerning the importance of the events to be studied. For example, is it more important that the theory adequately describe and explain eyelid conditioning or human aggression? The answer seems obvious: an understanding of aggression would allow us to account for behaviors that have important implications for human welfare, whereas an understanding of eyeblinking would not seem to tell us much worth knowing.

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