By Nancy Partner, Sarah R I Foot
The editors introduce the center components of present debate inside ancient concept, bringing the reader as brand new with carrying on with debates and present advancements as is feasible. this significant guide brings jointly in a single quantity discussions of the function of modernity, empiricism, realism, post-modernity and deconstruction within the historian’s craft. Chapters are written via prime writers from all over the world and canopy a large unfold of old sub-disciplines, similar to social heritage, highbrow background, narrative, gender, reminiscence, psycho-analysis and cultural stories, taking in, alongside the way in which, the paintings of thinkers akin to Paul Ricouer, Michel Foucault and Hayden White.
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Additional resources for The SAGE Handbook of Historical Theory
The deconstruction of these two great narrative traditions was one side of the new methodology. The other side was that of the reconstruction of a new kind of narrative where the single event, the particulars of a broader complex of facts, get more attention and a far greater relevance. ‘Individuality’ was the philosophical concept developed by Herder, and the German idealism that informed this aspect of the new discipline on the continent added a hermeneutic and idealistic dimension beyond empiricism.
327–8. 23 For a development of this point, see Michael Maclean, ‘German historians and the two cultures’, Journal of the History of Ideas, 49 (1988), 473–94. 24 Cf. Manfred Schön, ‘Gustav Schmoller and Max Weber’, in Wolfgang Mommsen and Jürgen Osterhammel (eds), Max Weber and his Contemporaries (1989), 60–61. 25 Quoted in Steven Lukes, Emile Durkheim, His Life and Work: A Historical and Critical Study (Harmondsworth, 1975), 91. This cosmic utterance was announced in 1887, four years before the appearance of Lamprecht’s infamous first volume of the German history.
EMPIRICISM AND ITS CONFIGURATIONS IN THE HISTORY OF EPISTEMOLOGY The philosophical doctrine or school of empiricism starts from the argument that knowledge and especially scientific knowledge is dependent on experience, that it is only the more or less sophisticated result of observation and sense impressions. 2 Empiricism developed in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries based on the works and arguments of Francis Bacon, John Locke, George Berkeley and David Hume in sharp opposition to the rationalism of Descartes and others who insisted on the importance of a priori, innate ideas as the essential basis of rational, true knowledge.