The Retreat of Reason: A Dilemma in the Philosophy of Life by Ingmar Persson

By Ingmar Persson

The Retreat of cause brings again to philosophy the ambition of providing a extensive imaginative and prescient of the human . one of many major unique goals of philosophy used to be to provide humans counsel approximately how one can dwell their lives. Ingmar Persson resumes this functional undertaking, which has been mostly missed in modern philosophy, yet his conclusions are very diversified from these of the traditional Greeks. they often argued lifestyles led in response to cause, a rational lifestyles, may even be the happiest or ideal. through exploring the irrationality of our attitudes to time, identification, and accountability, Persson exhibits that the purpose of residing rationally conflicts not just with the purpose of best the main gratifying existence, but in addition with the ethical objective of marketing the maximization and simply distribution of fulfilment for all. The Retreat of cause demanding situations a few of our such a lot primary principles approximately ourselves.

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It matters little whether, in everyday parlance, the phrase ‘a sensation of pain’ expresses nothing but a sensation’s having this quality. If it does not, one could coin a term that expresses just this. For my own part, I am, however, inclined to think that this is precisely what the term conveys. Certainly, since it is almost universally true that subjects dislike sensations having this property, it will normally be inferred that they dislike what they are feeling when it is reported that they are feeling pain.

Not that this state consists in any of these emotions. ³ Cf. ). Sircello criticizes Warner for specifying the content of the desire as that something occur rather than that it continue (1989: 220). On this rather fine point, I am inclined to side with Sircello. ⁴ Warner (1987: 131–2) tries to capture the experiential aspect of enjoyment by insisting that the desire involved be felt. But it seems to me that to feel a desire is something like to feel a tension which is normally not pleasurable. Beyond Hedonism 41 One is bored with something experienced if one’s awareness of it fails to discover aspects of it which makes one want to know what it will offer next if awareness is prolonged.

1 which hold the same view of pain—the following: Ryle (1954: ch. 4); David Perry (1967); Gosling (1969); Trigg (1970: ch. 4); Fuchs (1974); Brandt (1979: 35–42); and Telfer (1980: 12–18). ² See Hospers (1961: 112), Davis (1981: esp. 307–8); and Sumner (1996: 106–8). ³ See Alston (1967b) in which an R-account is developed for situations in which I take sensations with a quality of pleasantness to occur. 30 The Nature of Para-cognitive Attitudes A Sensory Quality View of Pleasure There are certain facts that apparently lend credibility to taking the feeling of pleasure as a reaction to some sort of sensation rather than as a sensation with this quality, though in reality it is erroneous to take them to undercut SQ.

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