The International Committee of Red Cross: A Neutral by David P. Forsythe, Barbara Ann Rieffer-Flanagan

By David P. Forsythe, Barbara Ann Rieffer-Flanagan

The overseas Committee of the crimson go (ICRC) has a posh place in diplomacy, being the mother or father of foreign humanitarian legislation yet usually performing discretely to improve human dignity. handled via so much governments as though it have been an inter-governmental association, the ICRC is a non-governmental association, all-Swiss on the most sensible, and it's given rights and tasks within the 1949 Geneva Conventions for sufferers of warfare. Written through bold specialists within the box, this publication analyzes overseas humanitarian motion as practiced via the foreign crimson go, explaining its heritage and constitution in addition to analyzing modern box event and wide diplomatic tasks with regards to its vital initiatives. Such projects comprise: making sure that detention stipulations are humane for these imprisoned on account of political clash or struggle offering fabric and ethical aid in clash selling improvement of the humanitarian a part of the legislation of conflict bettering the solidarity and effectiveness of the move.

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Extra resources for The International Committee of Red Cross: A Neutral Humanitarian Actor (Routledge Global Institutions)

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Although the ICRC retained its pre-eminent position, it nevertheless had to acknowledge the existence of another body, the Federation, and relations between the two were far from harmonious. The ICRC would also see an attempt to challenge its place in humanitarian protection from Count Bernadotte, the president of the 24 Historical development Swedish Red Cross after the Second World War. In each instance, ICRC leaders carefully and skillfully saw these proposals defeated, or at the very least diluted, and their place at the head of the RC reaffirmed (either through conferences or by self-declaration).

In the final chapter we will discuss whether the ICRC is still a relevant organization in light of these developments. Conclusions The origins of the ICRC can be found in Switzerland in the midnineteenth century. Originating with Dunant’s humanitarian concerns from the Battle of Solferino and continuing through the works of Moynier, Maunoir, Appia, and Dufour, the ICRC evolved from a small private organization in Geneva to an agency treated as if it were an international organization, with a $600 million budget, a staff of some 12,000, and humanitarian operations in all regions of the world.

While some in leadership positions at the ICRC were less than fully dynamic in protecting the welfare of Jews and others in concentration camps, it is worth noting that some individuals working for the ICRC in various countries were dynamic and creative in the ways that they found to protect the vulnerable. Thousands of volunteers were organized for humanitarian purposes by the ICRC. 16 Despite its failure to protect German Jews and other German individuals regarded as sub-human by the Nazis (homosexuals, for example), the ICRC compiled an impressive record in its work with prisoners of war and aid to many civilians caught in the harsh realities of war.

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