By B. Mazlish
The results of a life of study and contemplation on international phenomena, this e-book explores the assumption of humanity within the glossy age of globalization. monitoring the belief within the historic, philosophical, felony, and political geographical regions, this can be a concise and illuminating examine an idea that has outlined the 20th century.
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The results of a life of study and contemplation on international phenomena, this booklet explores the assumption of humanity within the glossy age of globalization. monitoring the belief within the old, philosophical, criminal, and political nation-states, it is a concise and illuminating examine an idea that has outlined the 20th century.
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Additional resources for The Idea of Humanity in a Global Era (Palgrave Macmillan Transnational History)
The great classifier, Carl Linnaeus, was the first to introduce the term Homo sapiens, doing so in the tenth edition of his Systema Naturae in 1758. Placing the species under Mammalia and then Primates, the Swedish naturalist brought home the fact that Man was an animal, to be studied as one. ”8 Clearly this was a static conception. Once it was replaced by Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection, Homo sapiens could be conceived of as having a history. Linnaeus had taken one of the first steps that would eventuate in Darwin and evolutionary biology.
It should be obvious that if one thinks of humanity as an abstraction, whereas in fact real social relations are based solely or mainly on clans, or tribes, or nations, Humanity remains a disembodied idea. If, however, one thinks of Humanity as being increasingly interconnected and interdependent, in an epoch of compressed time and space, then a different picture results. If one’s primary identity is defined in terms of Humanity, with lesser identifications clustered Humanity in the Global Epoch 33 around this foremost one, then the individual reigns supreme as the object of concern.
On the way to this conclusion, war crimes, with genocide as the most appalling, gave way to crimes against humanity. This, in turn, led to the concept of Humanity, gradually taking more precise shape in the Yugoslav and Rwanda tribunals, culminating at the present time in the International Criminal Court (ICC). A central feature of all the trials cited, and the judgments accompanying them, has been the question of state of mind. ”19 That intent is to destroy in whole or in part a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group.