The Federal Civil Service System and the Problem of by Ronald N. Johnson

By Ronald N. Johnson

The decision to "reinvent government"--to reform the govt paperwork of the United States--resonates as loudly from elected officers as from the general public. analyzing the political and fiscal forces that experience formed the yankee civil provider method from its beginnings in 1883 via this present day, the authors of this quantity clarify why, regardless of makes an attempt at an overhaul, major switch within the forms continues to be a powerful problem.

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Extra info for The Federal Civil Service System and the Problem of Bureaucracy: The Economics and Politics of Institutional Change (National Bureau of Economic Research Series on Long-Term Factors in Economic Dev)

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1): Vote Eq. (2): Vote Eq. 59 ... , 1882, p. 867. S. Elections (1985) and the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress: 1774-1989 (1989). Note: For discussion of the variables, see the text. Asymptotic t-ratios are in parentheses. 23, and for Southern Democrats it is S1. This reinforces the argument regarding the importance of being from a district with a large federal installation in determining the position of a member of Congress on merit hiring, and it also shows that Southern Democrats, who represented mostly rural areas where there were no such facilities, were less likely to support the adoption of a merit system.

Grant appointed seven members to the committee to initiate merit hiring. They drew on the British civil service model to draft rules for competitive examinations for hiring and promotion. These efforts, however, did not lead to a permanent federal merit system because Congress refused to continue the appropriations for the commission’s actions in 1874. A permanent institutional structure for merit hiring did not come until the Pendleton Act was passed in 1883. The original Pendleton bill was submitted to Congress by Senator George Pendleton of Ohio in December 1880.

3 (eq. 6 Summary In this chapter, we have argued that, within the context of changing economic and political conditions in the United States in the late nineteenth century, both the president and certain members of Congress had incentives to replace patronage with merit considerations for staffing federal positions. With the growth in the activities of the federal government in the post-Civil War period, its performance became of greater consequence for business profitability, and politicians came under pressure from business groups to provide government services more effectively than was possible under patronage.

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