By Guus Berkhout; et al
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Additional info for The cyclic nature of innovation : connecting hard sciences with soft values
New innovations are, therefore, a mixture of the old and the new, and the ensuing impact can be large or small; the terms generally used are incremental and radical innovations. This is not a very clear distinction. The process model of CIM shows that innovations can be subdivided into different classes. This classiﬁcation may be more Connecting Technical Capabilities with Societal Needs development of new technical knowledge scientific disciplines sc len ien s ces creation of new business technological components products and services socio-economic goals s ce ien c s ns ft so le en gi n le eer ns in g rd generation of scientific insight ha 43 va generation of social value lor iz len atio n s Fig.
1993). Assessing new product development practices and performance: Establishing crucial norms. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 10(4), 273–290. 24 THE CYCLIC NATURE OF INNOVATION Prahalad, C. , & Hamel, G. (1994). Strategy: The search for new paradigms. Strategic Management Journal, Summer Special Issue, 11. Rothwell, R. (1994). Towards the ﬁfth-generation innovation process. International Marketing Review, 11(1), 7–31. Roussel, P. , Saad, K. , & Erickson, T. J. (1991). Third generation R&D: Managing the link to corporate strategy.
Note that Fig. 9 can also be viewed by four interconnected spreadsheets or matrices. Using the multi-matrix presentation, the necessity of interconnectivity of skills can be well visualized (Berkhout, 2000). 5. CLASSIFICATION OF INNOVATIONS The circular arena in Fig. 7 shows that new innovations arise from previous generations. New innovations are, therefore, a mixture of the old and the new, and the ensuing impact can be large or small; the terms generally used are incremental and radical innovations.