By Leon Glicksman, Juintow Lin
This publication good points case experiences and suggestions for brand spanking new ways to environmentally responsive sustainable construction, illuminating many rules of sustainability and effort potency appropriate to constructions around the world, and in constructing nations particularly. those initiatives determine functional applied sciences, new and current, that might yield energy-efficient, fit, and comfy designs. person chapters handle air flow, controls, fabrics, and daylighting. layout guidance and organizational tools suited for city initiatives also are mentioned.
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Additional resources for Sustainable Urban Housing in China: Principles and Case Studies for Low-Energy Design (Alliance for Global Sustainability Bookseries)
S. energy use per unit. Recently constructed residential buildings suffer from poor construction quality. Exterior building envelopes have little insulation, loose single-glazed windows, poor siting, and inferior materials. In many ways, traditional buildings in China were more environmentally friendly. They used building mass and wide roof overhangs to shade windows and walls to limit overheating during the summer. Proper site planning of buildings limited exposure to severe winter winds, shading in the summer, and promoted community interaction.
Energy prices, beginning with coal, were freed to a great extent, in parallel with important new reforms in taxation, finance, and other areas, in the early 1990s. Historically, and often still today, consumers either receive heat as a welfare commodity or are billed for heat based on occupied floor space. They do not pay for the amount of heating energy actually used; therefore incentives do not exist to reduce heat energy consumption. Other disadvantages of the current system include low comfort level due to over- 16 Part One - Background or under-heating, increased pollution due to unneeded burning of fuel (primarily coal), and low fee-collection rate.
Buffer spaces mediate between the inside and outside, enabling inhabitants to move in and out as desired. Inland regions of northern China such as Beijing are typical of this type of climate (Figures 8 and 9). Mediterranean An ideal climate for enjoying outdoor living as it is mild in winter and warm but dry in summer; air-conditioning is rare. Summer breezes enable cooling, especially when combined with evaporation techniques. Building forms are often closely packed, especially in urban settings, in order to provide shade, and shaded courtyards are common.