Social comparison and social psychology : understanding by Serge Guimond

By Serge Guimond

The idea that of social comparability is a widely known one in experimental social psychology. It refers to a primary approach the place we relate ourselves to others. accomplishing this social comparability has super effect on our frame of mind, feeling and behaving, or even at the experience of who we're. this significant new learn, which synthesizes the most recent theoretical and empirical advancements in social comparability study, presents worthy details at the position of this strategy of comparability because it happens among members and among teams. It additionally considers, for the 1st time, how this technique of comparability varies throughout cultures.

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Social comparisons and subjective well-being. In B. P. Buunk and F. X. ), Health, coping, and well-being: Perspectives from social comparison theory (pp. 329–358). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Eysenck, H. I. and Eysenck, S. B. G. (1975). Eysenck personality inventory manual. London: Hodder and Stoughton. Festinger, L. (1954). A theory of social comparison processes. Human Relations, 7, 117–140. Gardner, W. , and Hochschild, L. (2002). When you and I are ‘‘we,’’ you are not threatening: The role of self-expansion in social comparison.

2005). Thus, those high in SCO engaged in upward comparisons nearly as often as in downward comparisons. 01, with the frequency of 20 Abraham P. Buunk and Frederick X. 01, with the frequency of downward comparisons (Buunk, Zurriaga, Gonzalez-Roma, and Subirats, 2003). Although the results of these last two studies are based on selfreports, they provide converging evidence that those high in SCO do engage more often in social comparisons, whether this comparison is upward or downward. Establishing one’s risk It has been suggested that one way in which individuals (especially young ones) assess whether a particular risky behavior, such as heavy drinking or unprotected sex, is risky for them personally is through social comparison with others (Klein and Weinstein, 1997).

Similarly, to evaluate how aggressive a target person is, judges compare him or her to an accessible standard (Herr, 1986). This essential relativity of human judgment has played a particularly prominent role in the domain of social cognition research. Here, it has been demonstrated that comparisons play a core role in areas as diverse as stereotyping (Biernat, 2003; Biernat and Manis, 1994), attitudes (Sherif and Hovland, 1961), person perception (Herr, 1986; Higgins and Lurie, 1983), and affect (Higgins, 1987).

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