Satire and the Threat of Speech by Catherine M. Schlegel

By Catherine M. Schlegel

In his first e-book of Satires, written within the overdue, violent days of the Roman republic, Horace exposes satiric speech as a device of energy and domination. utilizing serious theories from classics, speech act conception, and others, Catherine Schlegel argues that Horace’s acute poetic commentary of antagonistic speech presents insights into the operations of verbal keep watch over which are appropriate to his time and to ours. She demonstrates that although Horace is compelled via his political situations to advance a brand new, unthreatening type of satire, his poems comprise a problem to our so much profound behavior of violence, hierarchy, and domination. targeting the relationships among speaker and viewers and among previous and new type, Schlegel examines the inner conflicts of a notoriously tough textual content. This intriguing contribution to the sector of Horatian stories may be of curiosity to classicists in addition to different students attracted to the style of satire.

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A conversion of language has occurred during the course of this poem. At the beginning of the poem, Lucilius, Horace’s model in satire, is characterized by his stylistic vitia—namely, that he was careless in his writing, too lazy to write correctly: “garrulus atque piger scribendi ferre laborem, / scribendi recte” (–). Rightness at the end of the poem is for Horace rightness in living; it is applied to actions that will make life better, and the poet says to himself: “rectius hoc est: / hoc faciens vivam melius” (–, this way is better: I shall live better doing this).

The figure who said “nil satis est” now says “iam satis est” and says no more. Horace, true to his much-repeated precept, will stay inside the boundaries of the poem and will not burden the reader with words to bore, exhaust, or harm him.  belongs to Jupiter, and even the god seems merely exasperated. –). The sky god appears as an indulgent parent, blowing annoyed wind from heaven, but no worse. There is obviously no danger to the audience from this satire of the menacing, outsized voice of invective.

Horace the poetic cause of his art, make the constructed “self ” of Horace the unshakable source of his poetry, and secure a particular disposition for his satire. Although Horace appears to subordinate art to life, extracting the causes of his persona and his poetry from his father’s training and social status, the eventual outcome works in reverse, and it is the poet’s life that is subordinated to his art. : Who Is the Father of This Genre? It is especially important to recognize the artful selectivity of Horace’s self-portrait in the Satires, because the satirist’s persona emerges as a crucially defining element of the genre of satire for Horace.

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