By Torsten Meissner
This booklet bargains with one point of Greek and Proto-Indo-European nominal morphology, the formation, inflection and semantics of s-stem nouns and adjectives. It uncovers the mechanisms in their production and exhibits their difficulty. The tested view that the nouns are an unproductive classification is challenged; while, the increasing and in part altering nature of the root governing the construction of the adjectives is defined. Morphology and semantics are studied in tandem, and a wide chronological span of the Greek language is roofed. The old part is then prolonged into prehistory, and particularly the Greek proof is confirmed opposed to fresh theories on Proto-Indo-European ablaut, resulting in a reassessment of the morphonological features in query.
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Additional resources for S-Stem Nouns and Adjectives in Greek and Proto-Indo-European: A Diachronic Study in Word Formation
In keeping with the aim throughout this book of looking at morphologically and, wherever possible, semantically closely deWned classes of words in the context of the language system as a whole, the most important suYxes competing with the formations in -åó-/-ïò will be examined. In this way, we shall arrive at a better understanding of their semantics and their position in Greek word formation. To this end, our discussion of morphology and semantics will be intertwined. On the other hand, the reader will look in vain for a detailed discussion of the etymology and semantics of every single s-stem noun.
7. 8 THE 1930s OR GIGANTES ERANT SUPER TERRAM IN DIEBUS ILLIS If one were to name the most proliWc period for the study of word formation in Greek there can be no doubt that this would have to be The History 27 the decade from 1930 to the beginning of the Second World War. The importance of Arbenz’s work has just been outlined. The same year, 1933, saw the publication of Chantraine’s Formation des noms en grec ancien, in its way a still unrivalled tool for this branch of study. Chantraine’s discussion of s-stem nouns and adjectives is necessarily brief.
Let us consider the inXection of the word for ‘father’ in Greek (and indeed in many other IE languages). It is evident that a number of changes occur in the paradigm: nom. sg. acc. sg. gen. sg. ðÆôÞæ ðÆôÝæÆ ðÆôæüò The nom. sg. has a long vowel in what looks like the suYx;54 this vowel bears the word accent. , the vowel is short, the accent still tied to it. , however, the vowel has disappeared, and the accent is on the ending. There is an obvious correlation here between the word accent and the presence or otherwise of the suYx vowel.