Prayers, Petitions, and Protests: The Catholic Church and by Jack D. Cecillon

By Jack D. Cecillon

In 1912, the Ontario Conservative govt issued the debatable rules 17 in an try and enhance the standard of English-language educating within the province, whereas successfully proscribing French-language guideline inside of bilingual colleges. Prayers, Petitions, and Protests explores well known response to the coverage within the Windsor border quarter and the unconventional competition of the Catholic hierarchy to bilingual education. Jack Cecillon offers a accomplished examine of divisions that have been created or exacerbated in the neighborhood francophone groups, in addition to the pivotal position performed through the bishop of London, Michael Francis Fallon, who strongly antagonistic bilingual schooling inside his diocese. additionally instrumental used to be the Catholic Church's desperation to stave off demanding situations to the province's separate faculties approach, which used to be met with competitive resistance from congregations of French-speaking Catholics. This dispute used to be of such grave situation to church officers that the Pope needed to intrude two times to control the clash among the warring Irish- and French-Canadian factions. even though a lot of the province successfully resisted the college reforms, what emerged in Windsor used to be very assorted. Prayers, Petitions, and Protests uncovers a clash in the church the place monks and laypeople challenged the hierarchy, disobeyed orders, and stirred public resistance.

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Additional info for Prayers, Petitions, and Protests: The Catholic Church and the Ontario Schools Crisis in the Windsor Border Region, 1910-1928

Example text

19 Pasquale Fiorino’s doctoral work on the Bishop of London depicts Windsor’s bilingual schools struggle in a far different light. In his study, Fallon emerges as a flawed but charismatic visionary, whose opposition to bilingual schools was in fact perfectly consistent with the Vatican’s worldview for the future well-being of the church in a modernizing world. 20 Like Choquette, Fiorino recognizes Rome’s policy of anglicization and cultural assimilation for non-anglophone Catholics in Canada and the United States.

At times, however, divisions did appear within the leadership. Indeed, some nationalist leaders in Windsor even questioned the resistance to Regulation 17 for reasons that will be discussed later in this work. Those discussions surround­ ing resistance strategy tested the vitality of the movement and its need for cohesive leadership. Following in the spirit of historian Yves Roby, this study illustrates that the complex and divided nature of the Frenchspeaking communities of the Windsor border region posed unique problems for nationalist leaders hoping to devise a successful resistance strategy.

A conflict in the Windsor border region compelled Ryerson to address the issue. On 5 April 1851, Julien Parent of Sandwich and 16 French-speaking ratepayers petitioned the Essex County Board of Public Instruction, protesting against the employment of a unilingual Frenchman named Gigon as teacher at their common school. ”11 When the Essex Board of Examiners refused to grant the teacher a certificate of qualification, the Sandwich Board of Trustees, all of whom were also French-speaking, contested the decision by appealing to the Provincial Council of Public Instruction.

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