By Ian Oliver (auth.)
Police, govt and responsibility is an exam of the connection among police and principal and native executive within the uk. The ebook bargains with the constitutional place of police and strains advancements within the debate on responsibility from the Royal fee document of 1962 to the current day. the second one version additionally re-examines the police and govt courting after the passing of the debatable Police and Magistrates' Courts Act 1994 and the neighborhood govt reforms. specific cognizance is given to the version of responsibility in Northern eire and the function performed by means of the military in relief to the civil power.
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Extra resources for Police, Government and Accountability
4 Pressures for Change It is not surpnsmg that social pressures and tensions combined with changing public attitudes should lead to a desire for greater clarification of the roles and responsibilities of the respective members of the tripartite structure. Certainly the police service itself was in the vanguard of the pressure for change and was on record in the 1980s in asking for a comprehensive review in the form of a Royal Commission. There were rumblings of discontent about the effectiveness of police authorities in the mid-1970s, after the effects of local government reorganisation were felt and a second round of compulsory amalgamations of police forces had taken place.
Each county and district had its own council with executive powers and duties, and the total number of local authorities in England was reduced by two-thirds. In Wales, eight new counties were formed and 37 county districts; community councils were also formed. In Scotland, a similar two-tier structure of regions and districts and islands councils was introduced. THE BAINS REPORT In 1971 a working group was set up to consider the structure of the new local government, and its report was published in 1972.
Not all elected representatives were content with the changes brought about by the 1964 Act, and when the Local Government Act 1972 became effective in England and Wales, areas which had once been boroughs enjoying the right of membership of police authorities and which had some say in the accountability of the police, were denied that right because they became districts under a two-tier system of local government. Policing became the responsibility of the upper-tier county councils. As forces became larger, following two rounds of compulsory amalgamations brought about by the Home Secretary, it was argued that accountability had become more remote and less 'local'.