Pilgrimage in Graeco-Roman and Early Christian Antiquity: by Jas Elsner, Ian Rutherford

By Jas Elsner, Ian Rutherford

This ebook provides a number case-studies of pilgrimage in Graeco-Roman antiquity, drawing on a wide selection of facts. It rejects the standard reluctance to simply accept the class of pilgrimage in pagan polytheism and affirms the importance of sacred mobility not just as a massive think about realizing old faith and its topographies but additionally as vitally ancestral to later Christian perform.

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125 This is a radical Christian innovation by comparison with antique activity. 4 Icons and images. 129 Across the typology one might also see patterns whereby access to a speciWc or local sanctuary plugs the pilgrim into a wider network of collective experience. 1 (Egyptian), and perhaps §6 (initiation), and §11 (federal pilgrimage). g. Brown (1971); Ko¨tting (1988), 307–9; and now esp. Frank (2000a). g. Ha¨gg and Rousseau. (2000). 125 The classic discussions are Delehaye (1912), 60–119; (1927), 196–207; (1930); and Brown (1981).

8 Oreibasia Making pilgrimages up mountains was common in Greece, as it had been in Hittite Anatolia. In Euripides’ drama the Bacchae (191–2) Teiresias and Kadmos make a pilgrimage up Mt. Kithairon to be in the company of the young Dionysos; old Kadmos wants to make the 66 69 Mylonas (1961). Larson (2001), 228–9. 67 Cole (1984). 68 Ar. Ach. 713 V. Introduction 19 journey in wagons but Teiresias insists that they walk, in order that they do the god more honour—a rare testimony to the importance of making the journey the hard way.

2; Frayn (1993), 136–7; Lavinium: Belayche (1987), 143; Dionysius of Halicarnassus 2, 52, 3. 100 Lake Nemi: Ovid, Fasti 3, 269–70; Fregellae: Strabo, 5, 3. ; grove of Helernus: Ovid, Fasti 2. 67; 6. 105. 12–13. 101 Diod. Sic. Hist. 14. 98; Plut. Camillus 8; early Roman contact with Delphi: Gruen (1990), 9 with n. 18; Gage´ (1955). 102 From the period of the Punic Wars Rome also became interested, for territorial reasons, in the sanctuary of Herakles-Melqart at Cadiz (Fear, this volume). The Roman Empire was characterized by a number of distinctive forms of pilgrimage: 15 Symbolic Pilgrimage by Roman Emperors In the empire the most conspicuous pilgrimages are made by Roman Emperors: Vespasian’s pilgrimage to the Sarapieion at Alexandria, Hadrian’s unremitting journeys, which have been thought to be a model for the development of Christian pilgrimage, and later the pilgrimages of Julian to Pessinus and Mt.

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