Personality Traits, 3rd edition by Gerald Matthews, Ian J. Deary, Martha C. Whiteman

By Gerald Matthews, Ian J. Deary, Martha C. Whiteman

Now in its 3rd version, this dynamic textbook analyses the qualities primary to human character: what they're, why they topic, their organic and social foundations, how they play out in human existence and their effects for cognition, pressure and actual and psychological wellbeing and fitness. The textual content additionally considers the purposes of character evaluate in medical, academic and occupational settings, offering the reader with an in depth knowing of the full box of character features. This variation, now in 2-colour with more suitable pupil beneficial properties, contains the newest learn from behavioural genetics, neuroscience, social psychology and cognitive technology, assesses the effect of latest examine recommendations like mind imagery, and offers extra content material on good points of characteristics and useful makes use of of character overview. this is often an important textbook for college kids taking classes in character and person adjustments and likewise offers researchers and practitioners with a coherent, updated survey of this crucial quarter.

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Extra info for Personality Traits, 3rd edition

Example text

We in turn . . factored the 16PF scales and identified three broad domains of personality: Neuroticism (N), Extraversion (E), and Openness to Experience (O). The NEO later developed into the NEO-PI-R, which is the leading instrument used to assess the traits of the five factor model. Cattell’s project was one of the most ambitious ever undertaken in psychology. It sought to explain individual differences in every area of life through psychometrically sound measures 19 20 the nature of personality traits of ability, motivation, personality and mood.

However, we cannot arrive at a satisfactory model of personality simply by accumulating different traits. Inevitably, some of the traits will be positively correlated, and it will be uncertain whether the traits concerned are genuinely distinct, or simply different aspects of some unitary trait. The technique most widely used for the simultaneous identification of multiple traits is factor analysis, described in more detail by Thompson (2004) and, in a text for beginners, by Kline (1994). The input to a factor analysis is the matrix representing all possible correlations between the various items making up a questionnaire or questionnaires.

Moreover, they articulated the notion that traits were not directly observable – traits may only be inferred from behaviour. This continues to be the view of prominent trait theorists. For example, McCrae et al. (2000, p. 175) stated: Traits cannot be directly observed, but rather must be inferred from patterns of behaviour and experience that are known to be valid trait indicators. Carr and Kingsbury emphasised the need for trait scales in order to compare individuals on a given characteristic.

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