By Nicolae V. Bolog, Gustav Andreisek, Erika J. Ulbrich
This booklet is split into chapters that disguise MRI of all constructions of the knee joint within the order that's often utilized in perform – cruciate ligaments, collateral ligaments, menisci, cartilage, subchondral bone, patella, synovia, muscle tissue and tendons, arteries, veins and bones. through a number of photos, every one bankruptcy presents complete descriptions of the anatomy, the conventional MR visual appeal, pathological MR findings, and postoperative MRI visual appeal. A textual content field on the finish of every bankruptcy in actual fact describes how the MRI file might be compiled and identifies what could be integrated while reporting on particular lesions. The e-book can be a great advisor for radiologists and also will be correct for orthopaedic surgeons, rheumatologists, and physiotherapists.
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Additional info for MRI of the Knee: A Guide to Evaluation and Reporting
Post-tibial cyst formation over 2 years after posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2008;16(11):996–8. Buess E, Imhoff AB, Hodler J. Knee evaluation in two systems and magnetic resonance imaging after operative treatment of posterior cruciate ligament injuries. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 1996;115(6):307–12. 1 Anatomy and Normal MRI Appearance The medial supporting structures of the knee can be divided into three layers . Layer 1 consists of the deep crural fascia that is seen on MR images as a thin low-intensity structure on all MR sequences (Fig.
The MCL is beneath the deep crural fascia (layer 1), from which it is separated by a variable amount of fat (Fig. 1). The MCL is composed of the superficial layer (layer 2 of the medial supporting structures) and the deep layer (layer 3 of the medial supporting structures). The superficial layer of MCL (layer 2), also known as the vertical component of MCL, is about 12 cm long, 1–2 cm wide, and 2–4 mm thick and extends from its medial femoral epicondyle origin to its attachment at the tibial plateau, just posterior to the pes anserinus insertion (Fig.
1992;182(1):221–4. 8. Meyers MH, Mc KF. Fracture of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1959;41A(2):209–20; discussion 220–2. 9. Bui-Mansfield LT, Youngberg RA. Intraarticular ganglia of the knee: prevalence, presentation, etiology, and management. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1997;168(1): 123–7. References 1. Gentili A, et al. Anterior cruciate ligament tear: indirect signs at MR imaging. Radiology. 1994;193(3):835–40. 2. Kim HK, et al. Anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments at different patient ages: MR imaging findings.