By Antonio Mendez-Vilas
This publication goals to disseminate the most up-tp-date examine in utilized microbiology offered on the III foreign convention on Environmental, commercial and utilized Microbiology (BioMicroWorld2009) held in Lisbon, Portugal, in December 2009. This quantity bargains an inviting exploration of microbiology from medical and business learn to client items in a compilation of greater than one hundred fifty papers written by means of best specialists within the box, who have enough money severe insights into numerous themes, evaluation present learn and talk about destiny instructions to stimulate extra discussions. This ebook additionally serves as an replace at the most crucial present microbial examine, through delivering a accomplished review of state of the art subject matters in one quantity, the place readers may also achieve insights into how microbiology can clear up difficulties in daily settings. even though mostly meant for microbiologists drawn to figuring out the newest advancements in agriculture, environmental, nutrition, business, clinical and pharmaceutical microbiology and microbial biotechnology, this ebook is usually a very good resource of reference for scientists and researchers interested by developments in utilized microbiology.
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Additional info for Microorganisms in Industry and Environment: From Scientific and Industrial Research to Consumer Products (Proceedings of the III International ... and Applied Microbiology) (BioMicroWorld2009)
Although group II introns are self-splicing in vitro, the splicing in vivo require an additional assistance of a maturase enzyme: a multifunctional protein which interacts directly (some specifically) with the intron, stabilizing its structure or allowing it to fold properly. The maturase have a domain for a Reverse Transcriptase (RT) enzyme that is responsible for these introns retrohoming (see below). Generally, group II in Bacillus cereus group have ORFs for this enzyme, but they have also been identified ORF-less in a smaller proportion [4, 5, 9].
Mendes-Vilas, A. (Ed) pp. 51-54. , and Woese CR. 1983. Putative introns in tRNA genes of prokaryotes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 80:3309-3312. , and Shub, D. 2000. Barriers to Intron promiscuity in bacteria. J. Bacteriol. , Kolsto, A-B. 2008. Survey of group I and group II introns in 29 sequenced genomes of the Bacillus cereus group: insights into their spread and evolution. Nucleic Acids Res. 36:4529–4548.  Fedorova, O. and Zingler. N. 2007. Group II introns: structure, folding and splicing mechanism.
30:1091–1102. , and Berg B-M. 2008. Unconventional GIY-YIG homing endonuclease encoded in group I introns in closely related strains of the Bacillus cereus group. Nucleic Acid Res. 36:300-310. , and Kolstø A-B. 2009. A conserved 3’ extension in unusual group II introns is important for efficient second-step splicing. Nucleic Acid Res. 37: 3202–3214.  Nord D, Torrents E, Sjo¨ Berg BM. 2007. A functional homing endonuclease in the Bacillus anthracis nrdE group I intron. J. Bacteriol. 189: 5293–5301.