Literature and the Encounter With God in Post-Reformation by Michael Martin

By Michael Martin

All of the figures tested during this study-John Dee, John Donne, Sir Kenelm Digby, Henry and Thomas Vaughan, and Jane Lead-is interested by the ways that God will be approached or skilled. Michael Martin analyzes the ways that the come across with God is figured between those early smooth writers who inhabit the shared cultural area of poets and preachers, mystics and scientists. the 3 major topics that tell this research are Cura animarum, the care of souls, and the decreased function of non secular course in post-Reformation spiritual existence; the increase of clinical rationality; and the fight opposed to the disappearance of the Holy. coming up from the tools and commitments of phenomenology, the first mode of inquiry of this learn is living in contemplation, no longer in a non secular experience, yet within the realm of notion, attendance, and popularity. Martin portrays figures reminiscent of Dee, Digby, and Thomas Vaughan no longer the eccentrics they can be depicted to were, yet quite as engaging in a non secular mainstream that have been considerably altered through the disappearance of any type of needed or standard religious course, an issue which was once extra complex and exacerbated through the increase of technological know-how. hence this research contributes to a reconfiguration of our thought of what 'religious orthodoxy' particularly intended throughout the interval, and calls into query our personal assumptions approximately what's (or was once) 'orthodox' and what 'heterodox.'

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Certeau’s emphasis. All subsequent emphases will be from the source unless otherwise noted. 4 certeau, Mystic Fable, 157. ”6 Dee’s Actions, focused as they are on divine discourse and “the need for a unitary language”7 clearly inhabit a space characterized by mystics. Scholars very often categorize Dee as a magus, pointing to either medieval or Renaissance traditions of magic, or to a combination of them, as the source of his spiritual methodology. Indeed, Peter French’s influential biography, John Dee: The World of an Elizabethan Magus (1973), and Benjamin Woolley’s more recent popular treatment, The Queen’s Conjurer (2001), unapologetically advertise their subject along these lines.

Discernment, according to Augustine Baker and the tradition of spiritual direction, is an indispensable component for developing contemplation and an ever deeper intimacy with God while simultaneously avoiding the pitfalls of pride and delusion. ”71 Examination of conscience, an honest assessment of one’s motives, and patient observation and evaluation of any mystical phenomena all contributed to the science of discernment. The need to test oneself was as important as the need to test spirits. The problem of testing spirits, as Dee was well aware, was a feature of Christianity from the apostolic age, exemplified in the admonishment to “test the spirits” in 1 John 4 and Paul’s guidelines for discernment in Galatians 5:16–23.

She was. Horseman. Dee, was thy brother’s wife obedient unto thee? ∆. ” Madimi does not seem to have believed Dee, and triple-checked. Casaubon does not include these passages in TFR, struck through in the manuscript, though he must have known them. 78 Literature and the Encounter with God in Post-Reformation England 42 occupied for five years completely halted, incomplete, never to be finished. These were hardly the fruits of the spirit Paul outlines in Galatians. Dee surely knew this. One fact about Dee’s personality becomes abundantly clear as one reads through the Actions.

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