Life, Testament, Letters by Caesarius of Arles, William E. Klingshirn

By Caesarius of Arles, William E. Klingshirn

Caesarius was once born in 469/70 and served as Bishop of Arles from 502 until eventually his demise in 542. initially proficient as a monk at Lérins, he dedicated himself as Bishop to an bold programme of church reform and Christianization encouraged by means of strict monastic criteria of piety. top often called a preacher, with a corpus of over 250 sermons, Caesarius additionally based a monastery whose rule he composed and presided over a number of vital church councils whose canons nonetheless live on. The records integrated during this quantity - such a lot by no means earlier than translated into English - vividly illustrate Caesarius's occupation and the social and non secular historical past of Provence at a time of far-reaching political switch, within which the area was once governed via a chain of Visigothic, Burgundian, Ostrogothic and, eventually, Frankish kings. The 'Life of Caesarius', written presently after his loss of life by way of 5 clerics of his acquaintance, offers a first-hand checklist of the Bishop's achievements as pastor, baby-kisser and wonderworker. The 'Testament' demonstrates Caesarius's efforts to endow and shield his monastery and within the method furnishes necessary information regarding diocesan landholdings. the gathering of twenty-four 'Letters' despatched and bought by means of Caesarius chronicles his family members with fellow aristocrats and bishops and illuminates a wide selection of subject matters, from consequences for incest to political intrigue between rival bishops. Taken jointly, those texts make clear a quarter and interval during which the Christian church, with its leaders, rituals and doctrines, was once coming to play an more and more very important position within the day-by-day lives not just of noblemen and clerics, but in addition of standard males and women.

The quantity contains scholarly notes and an creation.

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Putting his hand on her head, he anoinled her eyes, ears, nose, mouth, and face with a dab of sacred oil. When he had done this, the illness was driven out in the name of Christ and it never again troubled the woman. 44. In the meantime, among other concerns he had a special concern for captives, and he was so outstanding and famous in this form of assistance that no one can possibly tell the whole story. For example, one day when his holy hands lacked gold or silver coins to give the needy, he said to a beggar who had accosted him, “What can I do for you, my poor man?

Isa. 6 51. Hear the apostle saying with fear: ‘Woe to me if I do not spread the gospel’ [l Cor. 9: la]. ” Through the Lord’s inspiration he possessed this unique skill, that when he revealed details to individuals, he exposed to each person’s eyes the course of his life. So all who heard him not only believed that Caesarius was an investigator of their hearts, but also acknowledged that he was a witness to their consciences. And just as Caesarius was very severe concerning himself, so he appeared strict in the correction of others.

48. Who could fully explain the many miracles for which he was known? It happened that in a suburban field of his monastery wild boars used to gather. The counts of the city and the rest of the soldiers used to go out and did not permit the peasants of that household to A chain of mountains in the northern part of the diocese. Eucherius was a bishop in Caesarius’s province who attended the councils of Arles (524). Carpentras (527), Orange (529). and Marseille (533). His see is unknown. He may be identical with the Eucherius 5 in Heinzelmann (1982).

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