By Melvin Goldman, Yoshitaka Okada (auth.), Yoshitaka Okada Ph.D. (eds.)
Japan's know-how aid procedure has performed a vital position in constructing businesses technological strength and stimulating their innovation. How has it been performed, and why is it potent? The learn findings offered right here convey that what has labored top in Japan is inter-firm cooperative studying, which calls for the aid of public expertise associations to advertise cooperation, disseminate expertise, and facilitate innovation. one of many books released approximately jap expertise guidelines and company administration, this is often the 1st to teach definitively that cooperative studying is critical in a large spectrum of corporations, whether they are keiretsu-affiliated. With a caveat at the barriers of the japanese procedure from an institutional viewpoint, the countrys techno-governance constitution is printed to be better in assembly-oriented industries than in those who are basic-science orientated and hire swiftly altering technology.
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Extra resources for Japan’s Industrial Technology Development: The Role of Cooperative Learning and Institutions
No significant differences were found in customer relations between supporting-core keiretsu and independent firms. In both textile and foundry firms, cooperation among firms, and not just keiretsu, is important for maintaining dynamism. 47 Many textile and foundry firms are concentrated in sanchi, where they are aided by industrial associations and technical institutes. Even textile firms with fewer than fifty employees make good use of local institutes (Appendix Table 3). This is particularly true of supporting-core keiretsu firms; independents rely more on universities.
In Bengt-Ake Lundvall. Ed. National Systems of Innovation: Toward A Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning. London: Printer Publishers. Pp. 23-44. Johnson, Chalmers (1982). MITI and the Japanese Miracle. : Stanford University Press. Kagaku Gijyutsu Seisakushi Kenkyukai (Study Group on Science and Technology Policy History) (1990). Nihon no Kagaku Gijyutsu Seisaku Shi (History of Japanese Science and Technology Policy). Tokyo: Mitoh Kagaku Gijyutsu Kyokai. Kato, Makoto; Mizuno, Takeshi; and Kobayashi, Vasuo.
This system of promoting cooperative learning and competition among firms characterizes Japan's techno-governance structure. 54 A country's capacity to generate technological competitive advantages depends on this structure. 1) NK Services Note: INFO: Information Services PSTS: Problem Solving/Trouble Shooting EDTR: Education/Training CTRD: Contract R&D CMAD: Commercial/Managerial Advise FFTN: Facilitating Formation of Technological Network NK: Non-keiretsu Firms (independent firms and non-keiretsu subcontractors) 1.