Introduction to Personality and Intelligence (SAGE by Nick Haslam

By Nick Haslam

Nick Haslam’s highly-anticipated new textual content is a completely attractive advent to the psychology of character and, crucially, intelligence. The booklet is totally adapted to the British mental Society’s directions concerning the instructing of person transformations. The author’s writing sort, use of pedagogy, and incorporation of the most recent empirical examine findings makes advent to character and Intelligence a necessary textbook for all Psychology scholars taking a character or person alterations path.

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0 exploration of personality structure. The second procedure that has been central to the study of personality structure is called factor analysis. In essence, factor analysis is a method for finding patterns within a group of correlations. It is perhaps best illustrated by a hypothetical example, illustrated above. 2 presents what is called a ‘correlation matrix’, which lays out correlation coefficients for all pairs of variables in a set. One half of the matrix is empty because the correlation between B and C, for example, is the same as the correlation between C and B, so there is no need to present both.

Although vague, the ‘relatively’ is an important qualification here. Traits may change over time, but they shouldn’t change rapidly or chaotically; they should tend to be stable attributes of the person. • A trait represents a pattern of behaviour, thinking, or feeling that is relatively consistent over a variety of different situations. qxd 1/11/2007 10:46 AM Page 19 Trait Psychology manner when in similar situations — being very outgoing in some and very reserved and shy in others, for example — we should not attribute a trait to him or her.

Although vague, the ‘relatively’ is an important qualification here. Traits may change over time, but they shouldn’t change rapidly or chaotically; they should tend to be stable attributes of the person. • A trait represents a pattern of behaviour, thinking, or feeling that is relatively consistent over a variety of different situations. qxd 1/11/2007 10:46 AM Page 19 Trait Psychology manner when in similar situations — being very outgoing in some and very reserved and shy in others, for example — we should not attribute a trait to him or her.

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