Intrinsic Motivation by Edward L. Deci

By Edward L. Deci

Appears at experimental reports and mental theories to provide an explanation for the improvement, stimulus, and impression of intrinsic motivation in addition to the explanations for voluntary habit.

Show description

Read Online or Download Intrinsic Motivation PDF

Best humanism books

On Being Human

Erich Fromm's insightful paintings at the sleek human , and the way to damage freed from its bondsIn the Sixties, popular social psychologist Erich Fromm argued that individuals have been turning into more and more alienated. now not have been we dynamic, continually artistic beings. as a substitute, he saw, we have been changing into fixated on such things as tv, whereas the threat of nuclear battle remained a constant fear.

The Retreat of Reason: A Dilemma in the Philosophy of Life

The Retreat of cause brings again to philosophy the ambition of delivering a large imaginative and prescient of the human . one of many major unique goals of philosophy was once to provide humans advice approximately the right way to dwell their lives. Ingmar Persson resumes this functional undertaking, which has been mostly overlooked in modern philosophy, yet his conclusions are very assorted from these of the traditional Greeks.

The Idea of Humanity in a Global Era (Palgrave Macmillan Transnational History)

The results of a life of study and contemplation on worldwide phenomena, this e-book explores the belief of humanity within the smooth age of globalization. monitoring the assumption within the historic, philosophical, criminal, and political nation-states, this can be a concise and illuminating examine an idea that has outlined the 20 th century.

Being Humans: Anthropological Universality and Particularity in Transdisciplinary Perspectives

Kant claimed that the vital themes of philosophy all converge on one query: used to be ist der Mensch? beginning with the most declare that conceptions of the human play an important structuring function in idea development, the members during this volume(renowned students from a number of disciplines - philosophy, anthropology, psychology, literary reviews) examine the jobs that conceptions of the human play either in philosophy and in different human and social sciences.

Extra info for Intrinsic Motivation

Sample text

In the late 1940s and early 1950s a great deal of work was reported which further documented that manipulation and exploration are important examples of intrinsically motivated behavior. Berlyne (1950, 1955) demonstrated that rats are quick to explore novel spaces and objects and that they persist at this exploration so long as novel stimulation is available. Welker (1956a, 1956b) found similar results for chimpanzees. When the experimenter placed a novel object in the chimpanzees' presence, they readily explored it and once they had explored it and manipulated it, they appeared to lose interest.

Optimal Incongruity The approach to conceptualizing intrinsic motivation which has received the most attention in the last two decades has discrepancy or incongruity as its central notion. Hunt (1963, 1965, 1971a, 1971b) has been the strongest spokesman for this point of view. Much of the work related to incongruity was not presented by the original authors within a framework of intrinsic motivation. However, Hunt has brought this work together within that framework. The central issue for most of the work in this area is the extent to which people will approach or avoid incongruous (or dissonant or discrepant) inputs (or cognitions).

He (1946b) presented evidence that stimuli which were discrepant from the expectations of chimpanzees produced fear and avoidance behaviors. Fears caused by novel stimuli were spontaneous and did Conceptualizations of Intrinsic Motivation 33 not result from pairing with other primary fear inducers. Rather, they appeared to result from the interruption of cerebral organization by incongruous stimuli. This, he asserted, can also account for fear induced by under-stimulation situations, such as children in dark rooms.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.64 of 5 – based on 5 votes