Interviewing in Depth: The Interactive-Relational Approach by John T. Chirban

By John T. Chirban

In-depth interviews are used widely around the social sciences through qualitative researchers and execs. the normal, empirical interview doesn't advance a dating among the interviewer and interviewee and minimizes the interviewer's own response to the interviewee. in lots of instances, this interviewing variety is suitable and adequate for collecting facts. despite the fact that, what if the interviewer seeks a extra profound exploration and fuller realizing of the person being studied? This quantity offers a worthwhile replacement interviewing technique - the interactive-relational - that promotes a clearer, deeper portrait of the individual interviewed. this system encourages the interviewer to take part extra

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Interviewing in Depth: The Interactive-Relational Approach

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Small talk" (p. 11), arguing that in most cases your patient has come for treatment because of troubling problems. Comments about the weather or baseball may seem a distraction, or at worse an expression of unconcern on your part. It is usually better to go right to the heart of the matter, (p. 11) A highly directed interview may generate data but lose significant information. Morrison's warning about meaningless discussion holds value, but controlled engagement may limit one's opportunity to learn from what occurs between the interviewer and the interviewee.

To the all-or-nothing option, Thomas Paolino (1982) offers an alternative for therapy that also applies to interviewing. Paolino contends that the relationship between analyst and patient operates in four dimensions: transference neurosis, therapeutic alliance, narcissistic alliance, and real relationship. Paolino argues that the analyst and patient must fully recognize and actually use each of these aspects. Distinctions such as these helpfully point out that the therapeutic encounter need not remain solely unidimensional and that pursuit of the relationship and interaction may prove appropriate in particular cases and develop on behalf of the therapeutic and interviewing goals.

142). They criticize the focus on boundary, which emphasizes protecting and defining rather than meeting or communicating. The I:R approach extends this thinking to a more moderate position (similarly adapted by Chirban, 1993). The interview (new space) serves as the place for meeting and communicating while, as a result of the I:R experience, the individual has the opportunity to feel strengthened with boundaries that serve to protect and define oneself further. The I:R approach treats the roles of the interviewer and interviewee as neither hierarchical nor equal, although these two individuals have, of course, different roles.

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