By Eugene Broderick
This e-book covers a different, but almost missed episode in Irish heritage - the efforts by way of intellectuals to steer and form in a thorough approach the rules and course of a big political get together. among 1932 and 1934, Michael Tierney and James Hogan, either collage teachers, exploited the chance provided via the formation of the Blueshirts and effective Gael to advertise their perspectives for an alternate social, financial and political order. This order used to be encouraged through Catholic social teachings, specifically these enunciated via Pope Pius XI in his encyclical 'Quadragesimo Anno', issued in 1931. In it, the pontiff had recommended a social process which sought to reconcile the conflicting pursuits of capital and labour by means of primarily giving illustration to some of the fiscal pursuits in society through organizing them in accordance with their vocational groupings. With principles rooted in modern Catholic social and political philosophy, specifically Catholic corporatism or vocationalism, Tierney and Hogan meant that high quality Gael develop into the car for the advertising in their rules. In impact, they nearly hijacked the pursuits of the get together. below their impact and that of others, together with Eoin O'Duffy and Ernest Blythe, advantageous Gael followed company ideas and commenced the method of formulating regulations to offer useful expression to them. between these the get together produced was once an in depth labour coverage. The advocates of corporatism, even though constantly a tiny minority in the celebration, loved a disproportionate impression. They contributed, although, to divisions inside tremendous Gael in the course of a turbulent interval in Irish politics. furthermore, the party's competitors in Fianna Fail and the labour flow effectively characterised it as advocating fascism. Their final failure has obscured the importance of the fulfillment of Hogan, Tierney and their allies. They reworked high quality Gael right into a political get together with a thorough and specified ideological programme and succeeded in giving Irish politics, for a short interval within the Thirties, a brand new size and vibrancy.
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Additional resources for Intellectuals and the Ideological Hijacking of Fine Gael, 1932-1938
Because trade union conditions would prevail, There will be a definite time-table limiting the length of the working day, weekly and annual periods of rest at full pay, and a gratuity or pension proportionate to the length of service. 16 Finally, the new system would mean an end to extreme socialist influence in trade unions. 14. , pp 7-8. 16 O’Duffy, Labour Policy, pp 9-10. , p. 11. 15 Fine Gael and the Formulation of Corporatist Policies 45 reasonable. Hence, the extremists would have nothing to exploit to their advantage.
350. , p. 352. 23 Ibid. 25 Implicit in Tierney’s observation was his belief that governments were failing to do this because of the weaknesses of parliamentarianism. One of the consequences of this failure was that there existed between labour and capital ‘an immeasurable antagonism’ 26 which was destructive of the social and economic welfare of states. 28 The benefits to be derived from the establishment of these corporations were numerous. 29 The social obligations of capitalism were vitally important for Tierney.
From their point of view this strident anti-communist gave their fears of communism a credible and plausible foundation. Their deeply held concerns were given an intellectual and theoretical basis by a reputable scholar. He wrote many articles for United Ireland and this gave them a wide circulation among the party faithful. In 1935 he published a booklet entitled Could Ireland Become Communist? It was based on articles published in United Ireland in 1933 and 1934, and which reflected his ideas at the time of the formation of the Blueshirts and Fine Gael.