Intellectuals and Politics in Central Europe by András Bozóki

By András Bozóki

Discussing the position of intellectuals within the political transition of the overdue Eighties and early Nineties and their participation within the political lifetime of the hot democracies of crucial Europe, this article offers essays from authors who speak about the 8 international locations within the zone. within the advent, the editor provides a old assessment of the culture of the political involvement of intellectuals in those international locations, particularly within the 19th century. The chapters which stick to describe the common political and social angle of imperative ecu intellectuals, together with writers, poets, artists, and scientists. The publication bargains not just with the function of intellectuals within the practise of the peaceable revolutions within the person nations, but additionally analyzes their function within the transition and their behaviour within the rising democracies. the main extraordinary phenomenon to come back from this paintings, universal to all nations studied, is the disillusionment of intellectuals and their unhappiness within the years following the transition, a interval whilst the position of prophet could be changed through that of baby-kisser in the event you have selected to stick in politics.

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By strengthening the absolute power of the Communist Party the chance of extending the cultural debate beyond the process undertaken in the 1980s of simply reproducing ideas from the first half of the century was lost. This was a wasted opportunity for China and the rest of East Asia to connect with the much older traditions, both positive and negative, of classical Chinese philosophy. 2 However, is it now still seriously possible to take up classical Chinese philosophy, that is the philosophy of the time that Karl Jaspers referred to as the axis period3 (sixth to second century BC), as a source of inspiration or even as a practical guide?

2 However, is it now still seriously possible to take up classical Chinese philosophy, that is the philosophy of the time that Karl Jaspers referred to as the axis period3 (sixth to second century BC), as a source of inspiration or even as a practical guide? 26 Pluralization and politicization Points of reference Three links come to mind immediately. 4 It could also be described as a chaos-management philosophy as it focused its practical attention on the re-establishment of public order when it had deteriorated to a critical point (or indeed to the foundation of public order when it was completely lacking).

This type of reaction can be observed all over the world where non-European traditions are confronted with Western ideas. 17 Third, wherever such transformations take place, semi-modernists are also present. They want to open the window to the West as far as possible to let in technological know-how, but at the same time they want to screen out ‘alien’ cultural influences as far as possible. Japan pursued such policies after the Meiji Restoration. Similarly, real socialism was spurred on by hopes of technological transfer without cultural crossover.

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