Industrial Chocolate Manufacture and Use by S. T. Beckett (auth.), S. T. Beckett (eds.)

By S. T. Beckett (auth.), S. T. Beckett (eds.)

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01 inch) is sufficient to cause an explosion (12). These conditions can be roughly determined by the visibility. 3 ft) at the most. 3 oz/yd 3 ), a 25 W light bulb is barely visible from a distance of 3 m (9 ft) (13). A great number of preventive measures should be taken to avoid explosions, and it is not possible to discuss them all here in detail. However, it is useful to briefly discuss some of the most important safety measures (12). Powder mills should be situated in separate, enclosed rooms which should, if possible, have a high ceiling, be well ventilated and situated on the top floor.

The high temperature is maintained by the bacterial activity. The process of turning or mixing the beans has the immediate effect of increasing the aeration and consequently the bacterial activity. This is reflected in a rapid rise in temperature that normally exceeds the cooling effect of the turning. One of the purposes of turning is to secure an even degree of fermentation, but it has been found that there is considerable variation between different parts of a heap or box even where turning has been carried out.

This is one of the reasons why cocoas from some areas are in less demand and consequently command lower prices. During or after drying the beans it is necessary to carry out a hand-sorting or mechanical sieving/winnowing process to remove debris, clumped and broken beans. 4 million West Africa, South countries are Cote 95% of the total world's production of cocoa which is tonnes per year (5). There are three main growing areas: East Asia and South America. The five largest producing d'Ivoire, Brazil, Ghana, Indonesia and Malaysia.

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