Indogermanische Grammatik by Hermann Alfred Hirt

By Hermann Alfred Hirt

Hermann Alfred Hirt (1865-1936) taught Greek, Latin and early Germanic languages at Leipzig college from 1892 to 1912 ahead of relocating to the chair of Sanskrit and comparative linguistics at Giessen. Born round the time while Bopp and Schleicher have been publishing their ground-breaking paintings on Indo-European, and a tender guy whilst Brugmann released his enormous comparative grammar (all on hand during this series), Hirt all started this seven-volume grammar within the Twenties quickly after the interesting discovery of Tocharian and the decipherment of Hittite. The undertaking arose out of his large learn at the old phonology of Indo-European vowels, which led him to contemplate a lot wider matters. quantity three (1927) is dedicated customarily to the noun method within the Indo-European languages, focusing first on indeclinable nouns and relocating directly to nominal declensions. He additionally discusses adjectives, interjections, and gender, in addition to stem formation.

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Jut. S. Ai. ahdm, team, vajdni, jujdin, Akk. main, tvam u. a. zeigen Erweiterung durch die Partikei -om. Irgendwelche Formen, die man als flektierte auffassen miiCte, finden sich beim Personalpronomen zunachst nicht. 20. Allgemeines zu den geschlechtigen Pronomina. Die geschlechtigen Pronomina unterscheiden sich von den § 20. ] Die Stamme der Pronomina. 25 Personalpronomina dadurch, daG sie den Geschlechtsunterschied und auch andere Kasusendungen zeigen. Die Flexion stimmt in grofierem Urafang iiberein als beim Personalpronomen.

Ai. i-ti 'so', 1. iti-dem neben 1. »7a; 1. M«« in uti-quc; 1. quot(i) 'wie viele', f o ^ 'so viele', gr. au-Ti-Ka 'sogleich', osk. au-ti 'oder'; ai. prd-ti, gr. Trp6-Ti 'gegen' 3. Auf d enden: 1. ecce 'siehe da' < *ed-he, umbr. ef-ek 'id', air. ed\ ai. i-d hervorhebende Parlikel; ai. u-d 'in die Hohe'; had 'zu' usw. 4. Auf -dhi enden : ai. d-dhi 'oben auf, 1. i-bi 'hier', 1. u-hi 'wo'. 5. Die Endung r finden wir in ai. tar-hi 'damals', d. dar; 1. cur 'warum' < quor, lit. fo/r 'wo, wobin', got.

10. 11. Indischen treffen. In beiden Sprachen finder) wir zahlreiche Falle, in denen wir 6, ai. sa oder oi'be nicbt mit 'dieser', sondern nur mit 'hier' iibersetzen konnen. Das zeigt sich besonders deutlich, wenn diese WOrter mit 'ich', 'wir' oder 'du' verbunden sind. Vgl. gr. dXV ayed', rinet; oi'be nepicppaZiijucda Ttavre? 'wir alle hier wollen beratschlagen'; Jvbov fxiv br\ 6b*ain6<; ifth 'ich felbst bin drin'; T 140 bODpa Viydiv 8be irdvTa irapaax^nev iibersetzt K u h n e r - G e r t h 'siehe, hier bin ich, urn alles zu gewahren'; Eur.

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