By Michael C. Ashton (Auth.)
This attractive state of the art undergraduate textbook is principally steered to readers of this magazine as a result of its robust examine orientation and its excessive accessibility for college students, a mixture hardly completed. Consistency and integration are its powerful issues, due principally to a unmarried writer delivering a calm (reader pleasant) evolutionary process for every of the 12 chapters in addition to an eclectic trait conception PERSONALITY AND person transformations (Sept 2007)
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Extra resources for Individual Differences and Personality
The statements or questions) that make up the test: For example, they might answer questions on a yes/no basis, or they might indicate their levels of agreement with statements using a 1 to 5 scale, and so on. (In contrast, an inventory would be unstructured if it allowed individuals to respond freely rather than requiring them to choose one of several specified options. ) Most personality inventories assess several different personality traits. ”3 An individual’s responses to the items of a given scale are averaged out (or added up) to produce an overall score, which can then be compared with the scores of other individuals on that scale.
The person who provides the reports is asked to indicate the accuracy of each statement on a scale from 1 (very inaccurate) to 5 (very accurate). org/; see also Goldberg (1990). 6. SELF- AND OBSERVER REPORTS ON PERSONALITY INVENTORY SCALES Most of the inventories described in Box 2-2 were developed in self-report format only, but several of them have also been adapted for measurement using observer reports. For example, some investigations of the NEO-PI-R have used spouse reports, and some research with the HEXACO-PI-R in college settings has involved reports by friends.
This inventory has been widely used in predicting various aspects of job performance, and has shown very good criterion validity. The 16 Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF) The 16PF (Conn & Rieke, 1994) was originally constructed in 1949 by Cattell, whose factoranalytic research suggested to him that a set of 16 traits would summarize personality characteristics. (As such, the 16PF is perhaps the only major inventory to have been developed using the factor-analytic approach. ) Earlier versions of the 16PF were often criticized for the low internal-consistency reliabilities of their scales, but the scales have been improved in the most recent version of the 16PF (Conn & Rieke, 1994), which contains nearly 200 items.