Horace: Image, Identity, and Audience by Randall L. B. McNeill

By Randall L. B. McNeill

Conventional perspectives of Horace search to give the poet as a constant, vibrant character who stands in the back of and orchestrates the various "Horatian" writings that experience come all the way down to us. lately, even if, another culture means that there is many Horaces, that his paintings is extra productively learn because the consistent invention of rhetorical options sensitively attuned to the necessities of other occasions and audiences. As Randall L. B. McNeill argues, any experience that readers have of the "real" Horace is obviously misleading; Horace bargains us no unguarded self-portrait, yet relatively a couple of consciously constructed characterizations to fit varied audiences, no matter if shopper, friends, or the general public. Horace: snapshot, id, and viewers presents a wide-ranging research of Horace's use of self-presentation in his poetry: in his portrayal of his relationships together with his shopper Maecenas and along with his better readership as a complete; in his dialogue of the craft of poetry and his personal identification as a poet; and in his dealing with of up to date Roman political occasions within the gentle of his assumed position as critic of his personal society. McNeill uncovers the thoughts Horace makes use of to depict the intricacies of his own life; within the book's end, he explores how comparable ideas have been tailored by means of later poets similar to Ovid. This quantity will curiosity students of Horace, Latin poetry, rhetoric, in addition to these drawn to the cultural stories element of personality and identification.

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Nor is it simply that Maecenas, unlike Memmius, was deeply engaged in the lives of all his literary clients and, as such, automatically became a central theme in their works. –). ‘‘If only I could,’’ he says, bellaque resque tui memorarem Caesaris, et tu Caesare sub magno cura secunda fores . . te mea Musa illis semper contexeret armis, et sumpta et posita pace fidele caput. The Horatian Invention  I would speak of the wars and policies of your Caesar, and after great Caesar you would be my next subject .

I am eager that you be my ally in the writing of these verses on Nature which I am trying to compose for my friend Memmius, the man whom you, oh goddess, have desired to be preeminent in all things and celebrated for all time. Nor is it simply that Maecenas, unlike Memmius, was deeply engaged in the lives of all his literary clients and, as such, automatically became a central theme in their works. –). ‘‘If only I could,’’ he says, bellaque resque tui memorarem Caesaris, et tu Caesare sub magno cura secunda fores .

Adridere velim, for example, emphasizes that it is his wish that his verses be well received by this circle, not a secure declaration of an established truth. 13 That Horace plausibly presents himself as having to make such clarifications makes clear the extent to which his relationship with this inner group of readers is to be read as remaining indistinct or even potentially vulnerable. Thus, Horace underscores the urgency with which he must anticipate the reactions of his core readership. He has declared that he cares only for the favor of the few and the docti, and so his concern is here apparently only that his verses should be pleasing to these particular individuals.

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