From Alexandria to Babylon: Near Eastern Languages and by Francesca Schironi

By Francesca Schironi

This can be an variation with creation and special statement of the Oxyrhynchus word list, a lexicon preserved in numerous papyrus fragments with glosses taken from Greek, Greek dialects and ""foreign languages"", specifically Near-Eastern languages. within the entries many historians, periegetes, mythographers of Hellenistic time are quoted. The Oxyrhynchus word list is a distinct rfile for the background of Greek lexicography in addition to for the examine of the connection among Greek and non-Greek languages and the issues relating to linguistic exchanges within the close to jap parts.

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Extra resources for From Alexandria to Babylon: Near Eastern Languages and Hellenistic Erudition in the Oxyrhynchus Glossary (Studies in the Recovery of Ancient Texts 4)

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Four columns of words in - followed by translations (but not much preserved). 35 No Perhaps, but none defined as such. Oxy. –108 (the glossary is on the back). 31 Much overlap with Harpocration, Photius, and EM but above all with Lex. 32 33 34 35 Rhet. Oxy. 1804). , and in particular in Hesychius. Oxy. 416v, which contains a fragment from a romance (the glossary is on the back). Strong affinity with Hesychius. The full alphabetization has been considered supporting evidence for Diogenianus. Much overlap with Hesychius.

1022 c>· χ π c ). Though these cases are interesting, in none of these papyrus glossaries are the possible dialectal or foreign glosses actually defined as such. Ness. 8, 91: [c : P] c (leg. ). C are the typical Persian and Parthian loose trousers. The word is attested in various sources that define it as belonging to the Persian language (Hsch. c 190. 896; Su. c 109; Phot. 1 Naber; EGud. 19 Sturz). The word c is also attested in the comic poet Antiphanes (fr. 199 PCG). 49 From this analysis it is clear that there is extremely scarce evidence for glosses that come from Greek dialects or foreign languages without being attested in literary works.

Heurgon 1978, xxi – xxvi. On Varro’s use of Mago through Cassius Dionysius, see Heurgon 1978, xxxii – xxxvi. Cf. Latte 1925, 169. 46 7. Authorship A comparison with Hesychius leads to the following conclusions: 1. All the parallel glosses from Hesychius come, according to Latte’s edition, from Diogenianus (D), whose work supplies the core of the lexicon and is its oldest source. 2. In the whole lexicon of Hesychius there are fourteen occurrences of the word X c and derivatives. In ten of them ‘Chaldaean’ is used as a linguistic definition as in the Oxyrhynchus Glossary; in the other four entries, ‘Chaldaean’ is used either as a geographical term to translate ‘Assyria’ (in Hsch.

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