By Joyce LeFever Kee
Fluids and Electrolytes with scientific functions: A Programmed technique places you answerable for your studying event. The self-paced, programmed technique makes studying and learning tricky options basic and easy. The 8th version presents a finished survey of fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base imbalance options from the capabilities and circulate of physique fluids to intravenous options.
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Additional info for Fluids and Electrolytes with Clinical Applications
May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Licensed to: iChapters User Chapter 1 Body Fluid, Its Function and Movement 54. osmol; osmolality 55. extracellular 56. iso-osmolality ● 19 The osmotic effect of a solute concentration in water is expressed as , a property that depends on the number of osmols or milliosmols contained in a solution. 55. Osmolality of fluid may be determined in serum and intravenous solutions. In serum, sodium, urea (BUN), and glucose are the most plentiful solutes and are the major contributors of serum osmolality.
All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Licensed to: iChapters User Chapter 2 Extracellular Fluid Volume Deficit (ECFVD) ● 47 2. Apply lotion to increase circulation to the bony prominences. 3. Check skin turgor. Note skin color and temperature. Nursing Diagnosis 3 Impaired oral mucous membranes related to dehydration. Interventions and Rationale 1. Provide oral hygiene several times a day. Inspect mouth for sores, lesions, or bleeding. Avoid use of drying agents such as lemon and glycerine swabs or certain mouthwashes.
Inadequate fluid intake 7. Profuse diaphoresis and/or fever Copyright 2009 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Licensed to: iChapters User 34 ● Unit II Fluids and Their Influence on the Body Table 2-1 Types and Causes Hyperosmolar Fluid Volume Deficit Inadequate fluid intake Increased solute intake (salt, sugar, protein) Severe vomiting and diarrhea Diabetes ketoacidosis Sweating Iso-osmolar Fluid Volume Deficit Vomiting and diarrhea Gastrointestinal (GI) fistula or draining abscess and GI suctioning Fever, environmental temperature, and profuse diaphoresis Hemorrhage Burns Ascites Intestinal obstruction Causes of Extracellular Fluid Volume Deficits Rationale A decrease in water intake results in an increase in the number of solutes in body fluid.