By Paula D. Nesbitt
Feminization is expounded to ensue whilst ladies input any given profession in significant numbers, and ostensibly results in such dynamics as sex-segregation, diminished possibilities for males, and depressed wages and reduced status for the career as a complete. Spanning greater than 70 years, Paula Nesbitt's learn of feminization concentrates at the Episcopal Church and the Unitarian Universalist organization, using either statistical effects and interviews to check occupational styles previous and next to the big inflow of girls clergy. between her findings, the writer discovers decline in men's possibilities is obvious ahead of the Seventies, previous the good inflow of girls during the last 20 years. She additionally unearths that raises within the variety of ladies ordained decreased occupational customers for different ladies, yet more desirable these for males, hence contradicting the preferred delusion that girls within the office are accountable for occupational decline.
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Extra resources for Feminization of the Clergy in America: Occupational and Organizational Perspectives
Has three types of ordination: the traditional minister, who normally specializes in parish ministry; the minister of religious education, an ordination status developed in 1981 that replaced the certification process for parish religious educators; and the community minister, instituted in 1992 for those specializing in nonparish ministries. A. clergy may hold more than one type of ordination.
A. clergy occupational biographies. Clergy were selected in ordination cohorts at ten-year intervals ranging from 1920 to 1950, and in fiveyear intervals ranging from 1970 to 1990 (Tables 2. 1 and 2. 2). Selection was based on the year of the first, or only, ordination. All Episcopal clergy are originally ordained to the diaconate, although those subsequently ordained to the priesthood have additional occupational opportunities open to them. 1. Episcopal Sample of Clergy, Compared to All Ordained to the Diaconate for Selected Years, 1920-1990.
Although women 22 Feminization of the Clergy in America have had greater access to ordination in religious bodies where the rite represents a congregational acknowledgment of spiritual gifts rather than a simultaneous acknowledgment of both spiritual and organizational authority, such ordinations haven't typically granted access to leadership authority over men. S. mainline denominations only in the mid-nineteenth century. The process of opening ordination to women, including opportunities for leadership, hasn't occurred without strife.