By Robert C. Galgano
Feast of Souls explores local peoples' responses to Spanish makes an attempt to problem and change conventional non secular practices in Florida and New Mexico. In those areas, Franciscan missions have been the first mechanism for either religious and secular colonization within the 17th century.
By 1700, there have been in simple terms approximately 1,000 Spaniards in Florida and 3,000 in New Mexico; the novices depended on Indians for capability converts, employees, buying and selling companions, and army allies. yet, the Spaniards' very presence between indigenous peoples created epidemiological, political, fabric, and monetary crises in local communities.
Natives' reactions in New Mexico and Florida various generally yet they still sought to manage their very own destinies. a few teams embraced the conquerors' choices on their lonesome phrases and a few rejected them completely. a few even fled or rebelled, as in Florida in 1656 and New Mexico in 1680. Sifting via Spanish colonial debts and smooth archaeological and architectural investigations, Robert Galgano can pay equivalent cognizance to the perspectives of the newbies and the natives whereas emphasizing the Franciscans' views over these of the Spanish political management.
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Additional info for Feast of Souls: Indians and Spaniards in the Seventeenth-Century Missions of Florida and New Mexico
By the time Hernando de Soto and Francisco Vázquez de Coronado had returned from their explorations, or had died in the process, their targets had proved to be remote frontier regions with little promise. Each venture brought violent conflict with the indigenous peoples, reinforcing the Indians’ conclusion that the newcomers were destructive but distracted visitors. They soon moved on to other lands and other peoples. The Spaniards who reached New Mexico and Florida in the final decades of the sixteenth century were different; they had come to stay.
The two theaters were becoming one and the same. By courting both popular and royal support, the Friars Minor insulated themselves from the vagaries of loyalty. When they overstayed their welcome or became embroiled in local conflicts, the centralized royal authorities supported their position. 53 The two monarchs summoned a national synod at Seville in July 1478 to reform the Catholic Church in their kingdoms. By including Spanish clerics in the process, the royal couple secured widespread support for cooperation between church and crown and cleared the way for greater autonomy from Rome.
36 But sharing a tobacco pipe was pivotal for establishing the correct mood and the proper atmosphere for native rites and ceremonies. In New Mexico, community rituals were controlled by medicine societies that gathered resources to sponsor ceremonies and feasts. Medicine societies were the collective keepers of sacred knowledge and provided service to the community by exercising their spiritual muscle to help the sun’s progress across the sky, bring rain, or make hunts profitable. Dances, accompanied by song and drum, were the most articulate and powerful form of spiritual communion.