By Richard Taylor, Robert Bideleux, Professor Richard Taylor
Eu Integration and Disintegration bargains with the primary difficulties and demanding situations confronting Europe within the aftermath of the chilly warfare and the cave in of ecu communism. whereas endeavoring to strike a stability among East, West, North and South, the quantity is extra focused on the altering political, financial and cultural morphology of Europe, and of the family inside of it, than with the formal institutional preparations of the ecu group and its successor, the eu Union.
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Additional info for European Integration and Disintegration: East and West
Kings shared in the prosperity and they could get on with building their states without excessive resistance from the lesser lords. During the periods of contraction there were fewer pickings. 44 Similarly, in the West European economy since the mid-nineteenth century (if not earlier), international integration appears to have advanced most vigorously during the major periods of boom, such as the 1850s–60s, the 1950s–60s and the late 1980s; and it has suffered its most dramatic reverses during periods of economic depression, such as the mid–1870s–80s, the 1930s, the mid to late 1970s and the early 1990s.
To avoid the fate of the city states of ancient Greece and Renaissance Italy, Europe’s former great powers, which had come down so abruptly in the world, had to draw urgently on new sources of vitality in the face of the New Romes of East and West. Unity was one of the great themes of renewal in continental Europe in the immediate post-war years. This should not be discounted as passing rhetoric of little relevance in the long run. It motivated the active minorities who launched the European Communities and kept the unifying impulse alive even at times, such as after the rejection of the European Army, when it seemed terminally impaired.
Nor could the EU afford to disregard the likely effects of its Ostpolitik on Russia and the Ukraine, which did not want to be wholly excluded from any new ‘European architecture’. Likewise, it was unlikely that Eastern European states would gain full membership of NATO as long as there continued to be high risks of conflict in the East, not least within those Introduction 19 Eastern European states that are unwilling to uphold and observe human (including ‘minority’) rights and fundamental freedoms.