By Donald F. Gustafson (eds.)
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Additional resources for Essays in Philosophical Psychology
This case, then, is more 14 As a matter of fact, most of these examples can be understood the other way, especially if we allow ourselves inflexions of the voice, or commas, or contexts. Cl:! might be a poetic inversion for b2 : hi' perhaps with commas round the "clumsily," might be used for al : and so on. Still, the two senses are clearly enough distinguishable. A PLEA FOR EXCUSES extreme than that of "clumsily", which does in both uses describe literally a manner of performing. It is worth watching out for this secondary use when scrutinising any particular adverbial expression: when it definitely does not exist, the reason is worth enquiring into.
Which would please such philosophers; or 'I did it in order to . ' which would not; and yet the meaning of the two phrases is here identical. g. 'he only wanted to make peace among his rela tions' . Nevertheless there is even popularly a distinction between the meaning of 'motive' and the meaning of 'intention'. g. if a man kills someone, he may be said to have done it out of love and pity, or to have done it out of hatred; these might indeed be cast in the forms 'to release him from this awful suffering', or 'to get rid of the swine'; but though these are forms of expression suggesting objectives, they are perhaps expressive of the spirit in which the man killed rather than descriptive of the end to which the killing was a means-a future state of affairs to be produced by the killing.
But do I lose control of myself? Do I raven, do I snatch the morsels from the dish and wolf them down, impervious to the con· sternation of my colleagues? Not a bit of it. We often succumb to temptation with calm and even with finesse. 24 ESSAYS IN PHILOSOPIDCAL PSYCHOLOGY an adverbial expression in the sentence. , the way in which it modifies that verb. Compare, for example:al a2 b1 b2 He clumsily trod on the snail. Clumsily he trod on the snail. He trod clumsily on the snail. He trod on the snail clumsily.