By Molly Lee, Gregory A. Reinhardt, Andrew Tooyak Jr.
The structure of Eskimo peoples represents a varied and profitable technique of dealing with some of the most critical climates humankind can inhabit. the preferred picture of the igloo is yet one of many many constructions tested by way of specialists Lee and Reinhardt within the first book-length and arctic-wide learn of this amazing topic.
Lavishly illustrated with historical and modern photos, drawings, and maps, this quantity features a accomplished survey of the historic literature on Eskimo structure round the circumpolar north. Lee and Reinhardt then draw a longer comparative research of the geographical, climatic, and ethnographic elements of a magnificent breadth of fabric from 4 Arctic subregions: Greenland; the critical Arctic; the Northwest Arctic and Bering Strait; and Southwest Alaska, the Bering Sea, Siberia, and the Gulf of Alaska. In an leading edge attention of either fabric and cultural features of residing, they and the peoples they describe redefine the very that means of ''architecture.''
While students of the circumpolar north will welcome the meticulous learn of this benchmark research, its transparent and fluent prose and plentiful illustrations make Eskimo structure an engrossing learn for nonspecialists drawn to the superb dwellings of arctic indigenous peoples.
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Extra info for Eskimo Architecture: Dwelling and Structure in the Early Historic Period
18; Peary 1898:2:431–432), and Steensby (1910:figs. 1, 2) treats them as aboriginal. However, gut (versus ice) window panels and skin linings tacked up inside the main chamber probably postdate the 1856 contact with Baffin Islanders (cf. Boas 1888:541–542, figs. 492–493; Holtved 1967:31; cf. Kroeber 1900:271). F IGURE 18 Snow house constructed for Robert E. Peary, in design more like Baffin Island Eskimo snow houses than traditional Polar Eskimo examples. From Peary 1898:2:427. , fig. 9). In Greenlandic communal houses, as many as three adults and six to seven children could occupy a cubicle four feet wide, although the average was four people (Holm 1914:37; Nansen 1894:79).
17 Kaalund also illustrates a house mask (representing tutelary spirits) that East Greenlanders placed on the wall of a dwelling to prevent strangers from seeing household members when they entered (Kaalund 1983:56–57). Moreover, among some Greenland Eskimos a raven skin—complete with head, beak, and claws— might be attached to a house wall or tent to ensure good hunting or to protect against sorcery (Kaalund 1983:19). 30 ESKIMO ARCHITECTURE Still other Greenlandic beliefs associated with housing centered around death.
From Ross 1835a:248 ff. CHAPTER 2—CENTRAL ARCTIC 35 WINTER HOUSES LABRADOR ESKIMO STONE COMMUNAL HOUSES F IGURE 39 Idealized Labrador Eskimo winter stone communal house. The hip roof (bottom) and skylight (top, and dashed line, bottom) are features distinct from Greenlandic houses. After Hutton 1912:40 ff, 308 ff, 314 ff; Taylor 1984:ﬁgs. 5–6. Reinhardt and Lee 1997:1803, courtesy of Cambridge University Press. 36 During the historic era Labrador Eskimos constructed a turf-covered, semisubterranean stone (or wood) communal house (iglu or igluqsuaq) of moderate capacity (fig.