Dual-Process Theories in Moral Psychology: Interdisciplinary by Cordula Brand

By Cordula Brand

This anthology deals a special number of contributions targeting the dialogue in regards to the so-called dual-process theories in the box of ethical psychology. regularly, dual-process theories nation that during cognitive structures, kinds of approaches should be differentiated: an affective, associative strategy and an analytical, rule-based method. This contrast lately entered the controversy at the dating among intuitive and rational ways to explaining the phenomenon of ethical judgment. The expanding curiosity in those theories increases questions pertaining to their common effect on social contexts. The anthology goals at proposing stepping-stones of an research of the benefits and disadvantages of this improvement. For that goal, the authors talk about normal questions in regards to the dating among ethics and empirical sciences, methodological questions, reassessments of demonstrated terminology and societal implications of dual-process theories in ethical psychology.

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Svavarsdottir, S. (1999). Moral Cognitivism and Motivation. Psychological Review 108(2), 161– 219. Thomson, J. J. (1986a). Killing, Letting Die, and the Trolley Problem. In W. ), Rights, restitution, and risk: Essays, in moral theory (pp. 78–93). Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. Thomson, J. J. (1986b). The Trolley Problem. In W. ), Rights, restitution, and risk: Essays, in moral theory (pp. 94–116). Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. , & Wainryb, C. (1991). Judging social issues: Difficulties, inconsistencies, and consistencies.

Even then, however, these patterns will not necessarily correspond to widespread ideas of equity. The utilitarian principle will in general favor those with the highest chances of being productive of later utility, not those with the greatest need of additional utility in order to attain a decent minimum. And it will favor those who are particularly good at transforming a given quantity of goods into utility (cf. ), with the consequence of concentrating the goods of a society in the hands of the more intelligent and the more sensitive, favoring, again, an uneven distribution.

2010. x. , & Shackel, N. (2010). Methodological Issues in the Neuroscience of Moral Judgement. x. Kahneman, D. (2012). Thinking, fast and slow. London: Penguin Books. , & Fine, C. (2009). Will the real moral judgment please stand up? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12(1), 77–96. Klein, G. A. (1999). Sources of power: How people make decisions. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press. Knobe, J. , & Nichols, S. (2008). Experimental philosophy. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. Liao, M. (2011). Bias and Reasoning: Haidt's Theory of Moral Judgment.

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