Diodorus Siculus: Library of History, Volume II, Books by Diodorus Siculus

By Diodorus Siculus

Diodorus Siculus, Greek historian of Agyrium in Sicily, ca. 80–20 BCE, wrote 40 books of worldwide background, referred to as Library of heritage, in 3 elements: legendary heritage of peoples, non-Greek and Greek, to the Trojan conflict; historical past to Alexander's loss of life (323 BCE); heritage to fifty four BCE. Of this we now have entire Books I–V (Egyptians, Assyrians, Ethiopians, Greeks) and Books XI–XX (Greek heritage 480–302 BCE); and fragments of the remainder. He used to be an uncritical compiler, yet used stable resources and reproduced them faithfully. he's useful for information unrecorded somewhere else, and as proof for works now misplaced, specifically writings of Ephorus, Apollodorus, Agatharchides, Philistus, and Timaeus. The Loeb Classical Library variation of Diodorus Siculus is in twelve volumes.

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Additional resources for Diodorus Siculus: Library of History, Volume II, Books 2.35-4.58 (Loeb Classical Library No. 303)

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For since they themselves know about the places of hidden water and open them up, they have for their use drinking water in abundance but such other peoples as pursue them, being in want of a watering-place by reason of their ignorance of the wells, in some cases perish because of the lack of water and in other cases regain their native land in safety only ^vith ; difficulty and after quently the Arabs many suffering who ills. Conse- inhabit this country, being to overcome in war, remain ahvays unenslaved; furthermore, they never at any time accept a man of another country as their over-lord and continue to maintain their liberty unimpaired.

CTTt pepos TO ^ovXevov pukv Kai 4 "E/SSo/xoi^ 8 ovveSpevov Tolg virep tcov kolvcov ^ovXevopevoig, TrX-qOet- /xev iXd^torov , evyeveia 8e Kal povijaei -jj ^ iXoTexi'ovvTes Bekker, * TO B A : (juXonovovmes C. added by Hertlcin. e. of the produce. F, Dindorf, BOOK II. 40. 5-41. 4 to possess any ground ; and apart from the rental they pay a fourth part^ into the royal treasury. The third division is that of the neatherds and shepherds, and, in general, of all the herdsmen who do not dwell in a city or village but spend their and these men are also hunters and rid the country of both birds and wild beasts.

And its antiquities we shall be with what has been said. But now, in turn, we shall discuss the Scytliians who inhabit the country bordering upon India. This people originally possessed Uttle territory, but later, as they gradually increased in power, they seized much territory by reason of their deeds of might and their bravery and advanced their nation At first, then, they to great leadership and reno\\ni. dwelt on the Araxes ^ river, altogether few in number and despised because of their lack of renown but since one of their early kings was warlike and of unusual skill as a general they acquired territory, in the mountains as far as the Caucasus, and in the steppes along the ocean and Lake Maeotis ^ and the rest of that country as far as the Tana'is ^ river.

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