Dictionary of XML Technologies and the Semantic Web by Vladimir Geroimenko PhD, DSc (auth.)

By Vladimir Geroimenko PhD, DSc (auth.)

The rising Second-Generation net relies fullyyt on XML and similar applied sciences. it really is meant to bring about the construction of the Semantic net, on which desktops can be in a position to care for the which means ("semantics") of internet information and as a result to approach them in a better and autono­ mous method. This new edition of the internet introduces a mess of novel options, phrases, and acronyms. goal, Scope and techniques This dictionary is an attempt to specify the terminological foundation of rising XML and Semantic net applied sciences. the final word aim of this dictionary is even broader than simply to outline the that means of newwords - itaims to advance aproper understandingofthese modern applied sciences. to accomplish this, understandable definitions of technical phrases are supported by way of quite a few diagrams and code snippets, sincerely annotated and defined. the most parts coated during this dictionary are: (1) XML syntax and middle applied sciences, akin to Namespaces, Infoset and XML Schema; (2) the entire significant membersofthe XML kinfolk oftechnologies, akin to XSLT, XPath and XLink; (3) various XML-based domain-specific languages, comparable to NewsML (News Markup Language); (4) the idea that and structure of the Semantic net; (5) key Semantic internet technologies,such as RDF (Resource Description Framework), RDF Schema and OWL (Web Ontology Language); and (6) net providers, together with WSDL (Web companies Description Lan­ guage) and cleaning soap (Simple item entry Protocol).

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16 An example of the "domain" property. 42 DTD (Document Type Definition) In XML or SGML, a set of declarations that describe the components and structure of a class of documents (DOCUMENT TYPE) or a specific document. A DTD for XML allows authors to declare the ELEMENTS and ATIRIBUTES of an XML DOCUMENT and also to define how those elements relate to each other. As a result, a VALIDATING PARSER can use a DTD to check whether all necessary elements and attributes are presented in an XML document, no illegal elements or attributes are included, and the elements are organized in a specified HIERARCHICAL TREE STRUCTURE.

See also C55 STYLE; C55 STYlE SHEET. CSSl (Cascading Style Sheets Levell) A W3C RECOMMENDATION that defines the first, elementary, level of CSS as a simple technology that allows the author to define how the content of certain ElEMENTS of an XML DOCUMENT should be formatted and displayed, including typeface, font size and color, margins and spacing. This technology was originally used for styling HTML documents and does not use XML SYNTAX. org/TR/REC-CSSl/. See also C55; C552; C553. CANDIDATE RECOMMENDATION.

OlD declaration The main STRUCTURAL CONSTRUCT of a DTD. A DTD declaration is a statement used to specify ELEMENT NAMES, ELEMENT CONTENT, ELEMENT ATTRIBUTES, and other structural constructs of a particular type of XML DOCUMENT. 18. Four basic keywords: (1) the "ELEMENT" keyword used in the ELEMENT TYPE DECLARATION for declaring ELEMENTS; (2) the "ATTLIST" keyword used in the ATTLIST DECLARATION for declaring ATTRIBUTES; (3) the "ENTITY" keyword used for declaring ENTITIES; and (4) the "NOTATION" keyword used to declare external NON·TEXT DATA.

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