By M.Mercedes Maroto-Valer
The fossil-fuel strength quarter and energy-intensive industries are significant manufacturers of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, contributing to emerging international CO2 degrees which were associated with weather switch. CO2 trap and garage (CCS) know-how is accordingly being constructed for program to strength vegetation and in CO2-intensive industries to lessen the carbon footprint of those actions, with a view to mitigate the possibly damaging results of weather switch. CO2 trap innovations variety from publish- and pre-combustion separation to complex combustion-based strategies, that are appropriate to either new-build strength plant or as a retrofit to current plant, and will even be followed in different industries. CO2 garage strategies diversity from geological sequestration in deep saline aquifers and utilisation of CO2 for improved oil and gasoline restoration, to mineral carbonation and biofixation. advancements and strategies during this box are geared toward expanding the effectiveness and reducing the price of trap, and at verifying the protection and efficacy of storage/sequestration. advancements and innovation in carbon dioxide (CO2) catch and garage expertise, Volumes 1 and a pair of, offer a accomplished reference at the state-of-the-art of analysis, improvement and demonstration of CCS expertise within the energy area and in undefined. quantity 1 firstly experiences the economics, legislation and making plans of CCS for energy crops and undefined, and is going directly to discover advancements and innovation in submit- and pre-combustion and complex combustion procedures and applied sciences for CO2 trap in energy vegetation. This assurance is prolonged with sections on CO2 compression, delivery and injection and business functions of CCS know-how, together with within the cement, concrete, iron and metal industries. With its distinctive overseas crew of participants, advancements and innovation in carbon dioxide (CO2) trap and garage know-how, Volumes 1 and a couple of, could be a customary reference for pro and supervisor within the energy zone and similar industries, in addition to to lecturers and researchers during this vital box.
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Additional resources for Developments and Innovation in Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture and Storage Technology: Volume 1: Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture, Transport and Industrial Applications (Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy)
CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. Holloway S (2005) Underground sequestration of carbon dioxide – a viable greenhouse gas mitigation option. Energy, 30: 2318–2333. IEA (2007) World Energy Outlook 2007. International Energy Agency, OECD/IEA, Paris, France. IPCC (2005) IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage, Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Metz B, Davidson O, de Coninck H C, Loos M and Meyer L A (eds), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. IPCC (2007) Climate Change 2007: Mitigation, Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Metz B, Davidson O R, Bosch P R, Dave R, Meyer L A (eds), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Improved measurement, monitoring and verification (MMV) (Vol. 2, Chapter 8, Chadwick) and modelling (Vol. 2, Chapter 9, Pruess, Birkholzer and Zhou) techniques are being developed to verify storage and to prove long-term storage security. The environmental impact and safety of CO2 storage is constantly being developed to quantify risk, and better understand and minimise potential leakage of CO2 into freshwater aquifers or back into the atmosphere. 3 Terrestrial and ocean sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO2) and environmental impacts Another option for CO2 storage is terrestrial sequestration which, along with CO2 emissions reduction, has such ancillary benefits as increased agronomic productivity through CO2 use by plants (Vol.
In biofixation of CO2, microorganisms use CO2 for cell growth, which can be achieved both in natural habitats as well as in controlled systems such as microalgal farming, while the potential for CO2 conversion to biofuels by microorganisms is also undergoing further research (Vol. 2, Chapter 15, Wang and Lan). The future development of photocatalytic reduction processes for CO2 presents the potential for a similar benefit through the conversion of CO2 to hydrocarbons using artificial light or sunlight, in a process similar to photosynthesis (Vol.