Critical Theory, Marxism and Modernity by Douglas Kellner

By Douglas Kellner

During this paintings, Douglas Kellner brings new gentle to undergo upon the advance and modern implications of severe idea. The origins of severe idea, he argues, have been attached to the transition from classical to state-organized capitalism. whereas a few of the views of serious thought are very important to social research at the present time, in different uncomplicated respects the procedure of severe thought needs to be up-to-date with the intention to confront the adjustments that have intervened in Western society over the last area of a century. The dialectical revision of Marxian thought performed through the Frankfurt authors needs to now be utilized to their very own works to generate a severe interpretation of latest social global. This, Kellner argues, calls for a reassessment of the former severe idea research of up to date capitalism via new views which take account of advancements in patron, media, technological, cultural and different spheres of what Kellner calls "techno-capitalism".

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Critical social philosophy, by contrast, describes the complex set of mediations which interconnect consciousness and society, culture and economy, state and citizens. These relations can best be clarified and developed in concrete historical contexts in which one asks 'which interconnections exist in a definite social group, in a definite period of time and in a definite country, between the role of this group in the economic process, the transformation of the psychic structures of its individual members, and the totality of the system that affects and produces its thoughts and mechanism' (p.

42). ', disclose that idealist and spiritual metaphysics have permeated his theory. 7 In opposition to Mannheim, Horkheimer argues that the project of undermining metaphysics was precisely the task of Marx's theory of ideology, which he believes Mannheim vitiates by smuggling metaphysical categories back into his theory. Throughout the 1930s, Horkheimer and his colleagues attacked the metaphysical assumptions of dominant modes of thought, and consistently applied the Marxian notion of ideology critique to dominant theories in the classical and contemporary philosophical traditions.

123). There were other political reasons as well why such a theory could appealto progressives: Aside from the fact that the theory of matriarchy underlined the relativity of the bourgeois social structure, its very special content could not but win the sympathy of Marxists. First of all, it had discovered a period when woman had been the authority and focal point of society, rather than the slave of man and an object for barter; this lent important support to the struggle for woman's political and social emancipation.

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