City, Countryside, and the Spatial Organization of Value in by Professor of Classical Studies Ralph Rosen, Professor Ineke

By Professor of Classical Studies Ralph Rosen, Professor Ineke Sluiter

The 3rd in a sequence that explores cultural and moral values in Classical antiquity, this quantity examines the dichotomy among 'city' and 'country' in historic Greek and Roman cultures. Fourteen papers deal with quite a few issues in this topic, and comprise a number of methodological approaches--archaeological, iconographic, literary and philosophical. The e-book demonstrates that, regardless of a typical rhetoric of polarity in antiquity that tended to build urban and nation-state as very distinctive, oppositional different types, there has been a ways much less consistency (and a ways extra nuance) in regards to the ideologies felt to inhere in every one.

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E. Coulson, O. L. A. J. ), The Archaeology of Athens and Attica under the Democracy. Oxford, 1994, 173–174. , Famine and Food Supply in the Graeco-Roman World. Cambridge, 1988. , Jenseits von Athen und Sparta. München, 1986. , ‘Three studies in Athenian demography’, Historisk-filosofiske Meddelelser, Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab 56 (1988), 1–28. H. ), Once Again: Studies in the Ancient Greek Polis. Stuttgart, 2004, 9–47. N. Runnels, et al. ), A Greek Countryside. The Southern Argolid from Prehistory to the Present Day.

14 If this is the case in what must be seen as an exceptional polis, a giant imperial city, would not our expectation be far greater of seeing a predominantly rural and agricultural ethos in more typical poleis of classical Greece, with very little emphasis on a distinct urban lifestyle and set of values? 2. The perspective from archaeological surface survey If we turn to my own research speciality—regional archaeological field survey—then the blossoming of landscape studies since the 1980s till today would seem to show this very well.

The super or fat village at the heart of polis formation remains in its network as the Dorfstaat, for its basic food supply comes from its immediate and original small khôra, now supplemented by the surpluses of its dependent villages, which will nearly always lie in a day-return or market radius of the polis center. The citizens of the Normal Polis remain primarily farmers, and they can commute on a daily basis to their fields, lying usually within a short ride or walk from their urban homes. 24 So although our classical countryside is unbelievably urbanized, this turns out to be an illusion, because we are merely looking, as the geographers have shown, at large villages of farmers, to which are attached one or several dependent hamlets to cultivate the land which lies too far for the commuting farmer citizens to exploit intensively.

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