Career Development and Systems Theory: Connecting Theory and by Wendy Patton, Mary McMahon

By Wendy Patton, Mary McMahon

Bargains practitioners, researchers and scholars a entire creation to, and evaluation of, occupation idea; introduces the structures idea Framework of occupation improvement; and demonstrates its enormous modern and cutting edge software to perform.

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1, we have chosen content and process as the “vantage point” (Herr & Cramer, 1992, p. 156) in categorising career development theories, a structure also adopted by Minor (1992). Historically, career development theory focused on either content or process. Content refers to the influences on career development, such as interests and values, and process refers to accounts of change over time and decision making processes. 1. Indeed, Osipow and Fitzgerald (1996) acknowledged the arbitrariness of their categorisation.

209). Within this philosophical paradigm, the early thinking about career focused on the individual as operating quite separately from context, a reflection of the industrial era ethos of autonomy and choice. , 1986) which introduced the relevance of context to understanding career. , psychology of working paradigm, Blustein, 2006, 2011; relational cultural paradigm, Schultheiss, 2013; career construction and life design paradigm, Savickas, 2013a). Proximal relationships such as family, peers and mentors have received some attention in the literature, however Richardson (2012a, b) and Schultheiss (2013) have emphasised that distal social structures and culture inevitably impact proximal relationships.

The trait and factor theories illustrate the assumptions of logical positivism. Positivists emphasise rationality based on an objective value free knowledge; objectivity over subjectivity, facts over feelings. The rise to prominence of the influence of the constructivist worldview has made a significant impact in the career discourse (McIlveen & Schultheiss, 2012). Constructivists argue against the possibility of absolute truth, asserting that an individual’s construction of reality is constructed “from the inside out” through the individual’s own thinking and processing.

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