By Paul Emery (eds.)
Atlas of Rheumatoid Arthritis is a top quality academic initiative, written by way of leaders within the box of rheumatology, containing a set of roughly one hundred fifty appropriate photos, with prolonged descriptive captions and a complete bibliography. The Atlas of Rheumatoid Arthritis will supply clinicians with a visible advisor to rheumatoid arthritis, concentrating on overview, prognosis and therapy, together with more recent study into the signalling pathways interested in the pathogenesis of RA, prior to concentrating on the remedy of RA. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most typical and so much critical of the inflammatory arthritic issues, and it dominates medical rheumatological perform. potent, early remedy is key as this may sluggish the process the affliction and decrease joint harm. RA is mostly taken care of utilizing disease-modifying anti-rheumatic medicines (DMARDs), most typically methotrexate. the most recent remedies aim the disease-causing immune parts in particular and directly.
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Extra resources for Atlas of Rheumatoid Arthritis
1007/978-1-907673-91-7_2 21 minor allele frequency. This indicates that the risk alleles are not rare but are quite commonly present in the population. 3). This indicates that carrying a single risk factor does not yield a dramatically increased risk of RA. Interestingly, several of the identified genes lie on the same pathway. For example, HLA class II histocompatibility antigen DRB1-9 beta chain (HLA-DRB1), protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22 (PTPN22), signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4), cluster of differentiation 40 (CD40), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4), interleukin (IL)2, IL21, and protein kinase C theta type (PRKCQ) are all involved in T-cell activation, while CD40, CTLA4, IL 2, IL21, PRKCQ, PTPN22, STAT4, tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced protein 3 (TNFAIP3), and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 1 (TRAF1) are involved in cell-cycle regulation.
2. van der Woude D, Houwing-Duistermaat JJ, Toes RE, et al. Quantitative heritability of anti-citrullinated protein antibody-positive and anti-citrullinated protein antibody-negative rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2009;60:916-923. 3. Pedersen M, Jacobsen S, Klarlund M, et al. Environmental risk factors differ between rheumatoid arthritis with and without auto-antibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptides. Arthritis Res Ther. 2006;8:R133 4. Symmons DP. Environmental factors and the outcome of rheumatoid arthritis.
Alcohol consumption is inversely associated with risk and severity of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2010;49:2140-2146. 13. Pikwer M, Bergström U, Nilsson JA, Jacobsson L, Berglund G, Turesson C. Breast feeding, but not use of oral contraceptives, is associated with a reduced risk of rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2009;68:526-530. 14. Jorgensen C, Picot MC, Bologna C, Sany J. Oral contraception, parity, breast feeding, and severity of rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 1996;55:94-98.