By Robert B. Ewen
This seventh Edition helps scholars resolve the mysteries of human habit via its hugely readable creation to the guidelines of the main major character theorists.
Engaging biographical sketches start each one bankruptcy, and specified pill summaries aid scholars assessment key concepts. Theories come alive throughout the inclusion of quotations from the theorists’ writings and various functions resembling dream interpretation, psychopathology, and psychotherapy.
Significant adjustments within the seventh version comprise a longer dialogue of the sensible purposes of character thought, with an emphasis on guidance which can aid humans elevate their self-knowledge, make greater judgements, and dwell extra pleasing lives.
Fictionalized yet true-to-life examples illustrating the perils of insufficient self-knowledge comprise students, mom and dad, terrorists, company executives, and politicians, whereas different examples convey the optimistic results which can end result from a greater figuring out of one’s unconscious.
This seventh variation additionally contains a extra broad dialogue of ways a scarcity of self-understanding brought on problems for such famous theorists as Freud and Erikson, and a brand new part that explains how habit could be strongly motivated by means of the placement in addition to through one’s personality.
Finally, a brand new interactive website offers perform try out questions and different subject matters of interest.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 7th Edition
Freud, 1936/1966, p. 110; S. Freud, 1921/1959, p. 41). Teenagers who dress like their favorite rock stars, and adults who wear jerseys with the names of famous athletes, feel more positive about themselves by identifying with people whom they admire. The defense mechanism of regression involves a return to behavior that is typical of an earlier and safer time in one’s life. The birth of a sibling may cause a child to resume actions long since discarded, like thumb sucking or bed wetting, as a reassuring reminder of the time when no threatening rivals were present.
The Unconscious The common occurrence of parapraxes implies that much of personality is beyond our immediate awareness. Freud concludes that most of personality and mental activity is unconscious and cannot be called to mind even with great effort. Information that is not conscious at a given moment, but which can readily become so, is described as preconscious. The preconscious is much closer to the conscious than to the unconscious because it is largely within our control. (See Freud, 1923/1962, pp.
The sufferer undergoes agonizing symptoms that alternately worsen and improve, exaggerated feelings of isolation, and intense self-absorption, and emerges from this ordeal with a permanently transformed personality and the conviction of having discovered profound new truths. During this period Freud also began his self-analysis (1897), probing the depths of his own mind with the psychological techniques that he developed. Though his creative illness ended by 1900, he continued the self-analysis for the remainder of his life and reserved the last half-hour of each day for this purpose.