By Frank Dumont
Frank Dumont provides present character psychology with a clean description of its present prestige in addition to its clients. Play, intercourse, delicacies, creativity, altruism, pets, grieving rituals, and different oft-neglected subject matters increase the scope of this attention-grabbing examine. This tract is imbued with ancient views that show the continuity within the evolving technology and study of this self-discipline during the last century. the writer locations vintage schemas and constructs, in addition to present rules, within the context in their socio-political catalysts. He extra relates this examine of the individual to life-span developmental matters and to cultural, gender-specific, trait-based, genetic/epigenetic, and evolutionary study findings. character psychology has lately reconciled itself to extra modest paradigms for describing, explaining, and predicting human behaviour than it generated within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This ebook files that transformation, supplying priceless info for health-service execs in addition to to academics, researchers, and scientists.
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Additional info for A History of Personality Psychology: Theory, Science, and Research from Hellenism to the Twenty-First Century
133) Disdain of the ﬂesh and this material world (an attitude one can trace back by various threads to the early Gnostic sects of North Africa) found expression in the nascent Church – and radically so in the Middle Ages in the religious life of the Cathars and the Albigensians. It assumed eremitical and monastic forms in which adherents committed to lifelong celibacy and a most austere life style. The more mainstream cult of the Virgin, which inspired millions to embrace a life of celibacy, also inspired the most brilliant artistic creations of the high Middle Ages (eleventh to ﬁfteenth centuries): the magniﬁcent cathedrals with their radiant windows and soaring, vaulted arches, as well as the works of pen, brush, and chisel.
Leibniz labeled these perceptions petites perceptions. The sensations that gave rise to these perceptions were insufﬁciently intense and lengthy to cross the threshold, that is, the limen into consciousness – hence they were subliminal. The scientiﬁc interest in the unconscious and the role it plays in the expression of human personality can justly be stated to originate in the work of Leibniz. Johann Friedrich Herbart (1776–1841) continued this stream of thought. Although he was not the intellectual equal of Leibniz or Locke (Wolman, 1968, p.
The exaltation of the individual that we witness in the writings of the Ancient Greeks had faded into obscure and faint pastels by the fall of the Roman Empire. Thomas H. Leahey (2000) writes that in this period “there was no conception of the individual as an important object of concern or study. This lack is part of the Neoplatonic Zeitgeist that dictated that the human intellect knows only universals, not individuals. The rational mind thus knows another person only as an essence – humanness – not as an individual deﬁned by the characteristics that make each person unique” (p.